Index

Abra 35 3

Acanthoceras 3 11-2 Acanthocladia 18 8-9

Acanthodii (Acanthodians, spiny sharks)

23, 46, 129, 133, 181 Acanthopholis 2 86 Acanthoplecta 160, 164 Acaste 115 Acila 2 97 Acipenser 342 AcriUrch3 31 Acropora 362 Acrosalenia 2 4 0, 247 Acroscalpellum 3 36 Actaeonella 32 3 Actinia 3 59 Actinoceramus 2 99 Actinoce'as 141 Actinoceratoidea 40, 141 Actinodont bivalves 41, 69 Actinodonta 69 Actinopoda 32

Actinoptcrygians 24,46, 133 4, 181,289, 337

Aetobatus 341 /lefojh-eon 291, 294 Agnatha 20, 46, 64, 129-30 Agnostid trilobites 57—60 Agnostus 59 Alarm 249

Alcyonarian corals 347

Algae see also Characea, Goccolithophorida, Oncolites, Protista, Seaweed, Stromatolites 20, 30, 32,57, 86, 101, 112, 127, 15 1-2, 157 9, 169, 181, 189, 202, 220, 240, 267, 275, 322, 359-62 Atitaria 16 0-2 ABocrioceras 317 Amaltkeus 227 Amberleya 217, 221 Amblotherium 277 Ambonychia 79

Ammonoidea (Ammonites, Ammonoids) see also Goniatites 2 1-5,40, 128, 1 435, 194, 201, 207, 21 0-33, 245, 256- 8, 260, 279 -80, 292-303, 308- 323 Amoeboceras 2 60

Amphioxus 4 5, 357 Amphipods 44, 139, 355 Amphiura 3 5 3 Amplexus 16 3-4 Anahoplites 2 9 7-9 Anapsida 46, 344 Anchura 292

Angiospermae (Angiosperms) 24—5, 33, 280

Animal Kingdom 34 Anisocardia 2 47

Annelida see also Chrondrites Serpulids, Ditrupa 19, 28, 36, 50, 157, 223, 227,

247, 297, 333, 336, 353, 357, 363 Anomalodesmata 42, 153, 163, 199,2 1 5- 7,

222-5, 245, 249, 260, 336 Anthozoa see also Corals 35, 359 Anthraconaia 177 Antiguatonia 149, 164, 168 Aphanoptyxis 2 37 Apheorthis 74 Aphrafysia 158 Apiocrinus 2 51 Aplacophora 38 Apogon 3 36 Aporrhais 329, 334, 352 Aptychi 232,256 Aptyxieüa 263, 267, 272

Arachnida see also Mites, Scorpions, Spiders

43,132 Aragonite 27 Area 3 3 8

Archaeocyatha (Archaeocyathids) 20, 28, 34, 51

Archaeogastropoda 39, 74,81, 102, 113, 115, 161, 191,225- 7,247,254,262-9, 299, 303, 31 1, 317, 331, 359, 360 Archaeopteryx 2 78 Archegonus 172 Archimedes 183 Archoceras 145

Archosauria (Archosaurs)46, 194, 199, 286 Arcoida (Arcids) 40, 161-5, 188, 243, 254, 297, 303, 31 1, 317, 338- 4 1, 346-9, 357 Arcop^ia 3 57

Arctica 329, 334-6, 346, 349 Arenfco&es 2 6 4 Argentina 3 5 3

Arthropoda see also Trilobita, Arachnida,

Insects, Merostomata, Crustacea 42 Articulata {Articulate brachiopods) see also Orthida, Strophomenida, Pent amer ida, Rhynchonellida, Spiriferida, Terebratulida 37, 51 Asaphelius 59 Asaphid trilobites 66, 71 Asaphopsis fauna 66 Asaphus 71 Aspidosiphon 3 6 3 Assemblage - definition 99 Astarte 215-7, 223-5, 234, 237-9, 245, 346

Asteroceras 222

Asteroids see also Asterozoa 44, 315, 318 Asteroxylon 132

Asterozoa (Starfish) 44, 91, 116, 141-2,

315, 318, 353, 363 Atergais 3 6 3 Athleta 3 3 8, 340 Athyris 136-7, 141 Athyrid brachiopods 148 Atlantic Ocean 204, 282, 326 Atreta 29 7 Atrypa 109-19, 135 Aulacophoria 160

Australiceras 2 9 4 Aves see Birds 47 Aviculopecten 16 3, 1 70-2 Avonothyris 2 51

Bacteria 30 Bactritoidea 40 Baüwlla 57 BakeveWa 18 8-91 Bakevelüa sea 190 Balacrinus 81 Balanus 346, 349, 359 Batistes 3 6 3 Barbatia 317

Barnacles see also Balanus 44, 337, 363

Bathonella 2 3 5-6

Bathrotomaria 3 11-3, 317

Bathytoma 3 41

Bathyurellus 74

Bathyurid fauna 66

BatiBaria 3 42

Beaver 351

Beetles 276

BelemneUa 32 0

Belemnites 24, 40, 2 1 0-2, 2 15-22, 25 66, 229, 233, 260, 285, 320, 323 Belerophon 161

Bellerophontid molluscs 59, 83, 89, 148, 161

Benthos - definition 1 1 Billingsella 57

Bioherms see also Reefs 267

Bittum 340

Bivalvia (Bivalves) see also Palaeotaxodonta, Pteriomorphia, Palaeoheterodonta, Heterodonta, Anomalodesmata 40—2, 62, 99, 103, 110, 114, 142-6, 157, 184, 189, 194, 205, 233, 276, 285, 323, 352 Blastoids 22-3,4 4, 157

Blue-green algae see also Stromatolites 30,

272- 3, 277 Boüandoceras 163

Boreal province (realm) 192, 256-7, 279, 284,322

Boring bivalves see also Lithophaga Pholas

227- 8, 359, 363 Boring sponges see also Clona 227, 31 1, 362 Boring worms 226, 252, 363 Bosüra 210, 220, 256-8, 279 Bostrychoteras 317, 32 0 Botula 3 6 3 Bourgetia 2 7 0 Bourguettermus 318

Brachiopoda see also lnarticulata, Orthida, Strophomenida, Pentamerida, Rhynchonellida, Spiriferida, Terebratulida 20, 23, 28

Brachymetopus 163—5 Bracteolcptaena 120

Branchiopoda 43, 133 Brissopsis 3 5 3 Broeggeria 59 Brongniartella 8 3, 87-9 Brotia 331

Bryophyta see also Liverworts, Mosses 32 Bryozoa (Bryozoans) see also FenesteUa 20 23, 28, 36, 63, 75, 78-9, 83, 93, 1 09- 1 1, 138, 142, 148-9, 157, 16 1- 3, 166, 172, 183-4, 187-8, 226, 237, 242, 250, 269, 306, 319, 347 Buchiola 145

Burrows see also Trace fossils 50, 139, 177, 21 5-9, 245, 262, 273- 5, 301, 309, 3537

Buxtonia 167, 17G

Caesio 3 36

Calamités 33, 125, 180-1 Calcispongea 34 Calcite 27 CaUianassa 2 7 3-4 Calliderma 314 Calliostoma 317 Crista 3 38 Callograptus 71 Calymene 117 Calymenid trilobites 84 Calyptaulax 83

Calyptoptomatida see also Hyolithids 42, 59 Calyptraea 3 38

Camarotechia see also Ferganella for Silurian species 141, 149, 155 Cambrian 18, 20, 52 Campanile 3 38

Camptonectes 217, 247- 9, 262-4, 272 CaneyeUa 17 4 Caninia 160 Caniniid corals 148

Carbonate mud (Calcite mudstones; Lime-

mud) 148, 1 53-4, 228-30, 246-8, 254 Carbonicola 177 Carboniferous 18, 22, 146 Carcinus 3 5 9 Cardiaster 3 01 Cardinia 21 5- 7, 222-4 Cardiola 12 1-3 Cardita 3 4 6 Cardium 13, 317 Carpoids 44 Cassiope 2 87 Cenoceras 2 45 Cenozoic Era 1 7-8, 25, 324 Centipedes 44 Cephalaspis 129 Cephalochordata 46, 357 Cephalopoda see also Ammonoidea,

Coleoidea, Nautiloidea 39, 63, 74, 141, 157 Cerastoderma 3 48, 355 Ceratite ammonoids 40 Ceratopoea 74 Cererithyris 245 Ceriopora 308

Cerithid gastropods see also Procerühium 260

Chaetetes 34, 170 Chalk 24, 306-322 Chama 3 4 0 Chara 235, 34 4

Characeae (Charophy tes or Stoneworts) 32,

235-6, 287, 344 Charnia 35 Chasmops 85 Cheirolepis 13 4

Chelicerata see also Arachnida, Merostomata 43

Cheloniceras 2 9 4

346, 349 Chomatoseris 2 4 3

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