Contents

Contributors ix

Introduction 1

Takeshi Furuichi and Jo Thompson

Part I Behavioral Study Section

Foreword by Frans B.M. de Waal 11

1. The Bonobo's Adaptive Potential: Social Relations under

Captive Conditions 19

Jeroen M.G. Stevens, Hilde Vervaecke, and Linda Van Elsacker

2. What Does Agonistic Dominance Imply in Bonobos? 39

Tommaso Paoli and Elisabetta Palagi

3. Social Play in Bonobos: Not Only an Immature Matter 55

Elisabetta Palagi and Tommaso Paoli

4. Gestures and Multimodal Signaling in Bonobos 75

Amy S. Pollick, Annette Jeneson, and Frans B.M. de Waal

Part II Ecological Study Section

Foreword by Richard Wrangham 97

5. Longitudinal Structure of a Unit-group of Bonobos:

Male Philopatry and Possible Fusion of Unit-groups 107

Chie Hashimoto, Yasuko Tashiro, Emi Hibino, Mbangi Mulavwa, Kumugo Yangozene, Takeshi Furuichi, Gen'ichi Idani, and Osamu Takenaka

6. Seasonal Changes in Fruit Production and Party Size of Bonobos at Wamba 121

Mbangi Mulavwa, Takeshi Furuichi, Kumugo Yangozene, Mikwaya Yamba-Yamba, Balemba Motema-Salo, Gen'ichi Idani, Hiroshi Ihobe, Chie Hashimoto, Yasuko Tashiro, and Ndunda Mwanza

7. Relationships among Fruit Abundance, Ranging Rate, and Party Size and Composition of Bonobos at Wamba 135

Takeshi Furuichi, Mbangi Mulavwa, Kumugo Yangozene, Mikwaya Yamba-Yamba, Balemba Motema-Salo, Gen'ichi Idani, Hiroshi Ihobe, Chie Hashimoto, Yasuko Tashiro, and Ndunda Mwanza

8. Bonobo (Pan paniscus) Density Estimation in the SW-Salonga National Park, Democratic Republic of Congo: Common Methodology Revisited 151

Meike Mohneke and Barbara Fruth

9. Ecological Factors Influencing Bonobo Density and Distribution in the Salonga National Park: Applications for Population Assessment 167

Gay Edwards Reinartz, Patrick Guislain, T.D. Mboyo Bolinga, Edmond Isomana, Bila-Isia Inogwabini, Ndouzo Bokomo, Mafuta Ngamankosi, and Lisalama Wema Wema

10. Range Occupation and Population Estimates of Bonobos in the Salonga National Park: Application to Large-scale

Surveys of Bonobos in the Democratic Republic of Congo 189

Falk Grossmann, John A. Hart, Ashley Vosper, and Omari Ilambu

Part III Conservation Study Section

Foreword by Cosma Wilungula Balongelwa 219

11. Traditional Land-use Practices for Bonobo Conservation 227

Jo Myers Thompson, Lubuta Mbokoso Nestor, and Richard Bovundja Kabanda

12. Human Hunting and its Impact on Bonobos in the

Salonga National Park, Democratic Republic of Congo 245

John A. Hart, Falk Grossmann, Ashley Vosper, and Jose Ilanga

13. The Bonobos of the Lake Tumba-Lake Maindombe Hinterland: Threats and Opportunities for Population Conservation 273

Bila-Isia Inogwabini, Matungila Bewa, Mbende Longwango, Mbezo Abokome, and Miezi Vuvu

14. Changes in the Status of Bonobos, their Habitat, and the Situation of Humans at Wamba in the Luo Scientific Reserve, Democratic Republic of Congo 291

Gen'ichi Idani, Ndunda Mwanza, Hiroshi Ihobe, Chie Hashimoto, Yasuko Tashiro, and Takeshi Furuichi

15. The Conservation Value of Lola ya Bonobo Sanctuary 303

Claudine André, Crispin Kamate, Pierrot Mbonzo, Dominique Morel, and Brian Hare

Index 323

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