Carcharias megalodon See Megatooth shark

Carp The common carp Cyprinus carpio (Linnaeus, 1758), one of the few fishes that are truly domesticated for aquaculture (Balon 1995a), a reason for their morphological variability. CD commented on this A *species may be highly variable, but distinct *races will not be formed, if from any cause selection be not applied. It would be difficult to select slight *variations in fishes from their place of habitation and though the carp is extremely variable and is much attended to in Germany, only...

Atherina spp See Silversides

Autobiography Short name of the manuscript initially titled Recollections of the development of my mind and character written by CD between 1876 and 1881, initially for the benefit of his family, and of which a bowdlerized version was published after his death by his son Francis, along with a selection of his letters, also expurgated Darwin 1887 . A version, with original omissions restored was published by CD's granddaughter Barlow 1958 , but serious damage had already been done in terms of...

Batrachus porosissimus See Toadfishes

Bats Flying mammals belonging to two suborders, the Microchiroptera small bats and the Macrochiroptera large bats, i.e. 'flying foxes' , which appear to have evolved independently from non-flying mammals. Flying foxes of the genus Pteropus, which tend to consume fruits, are important pollinators and seed dispersers for the forest communities of tropical oceanic islands Banack 1998 Neuweiler 2000 . CD wondered w ho would have ever supposed that at the present day there should be a Bat feeding...

Bull trout See Trout

Burbot Common name of Lota lota Linnaeus, 1758 , a freshwater gadid with a circum-arctic distribution, and an affinity for the bottom of deep lakes and large rivers Cohen et al. 1990, p. 53 . CD discussed the eyes and swimbladder of this fish In the depths of the ocean, amp in deep amp dark wells some Crustaceans are blind.4 Now though I am not aware that any Fish inhabiting very deep water is normally blind, yet it seems to bear on the above facts, that the Gadus lota5 at the depth of 100...

Darwins Fishes a dry run

Presenting aspects of the work of Charles Darwin CD in alphabetic form appears never to have been done so far. Thus, it may be useful to provide examples of how this book can be used to extract structured information from its entries and annotated references. This 'dry run' may then serve as 1 Another introduction to those who skip prefaces and or introductory essays which one should not, as this is where the authors usually best explain themselves and 2 An instructor's guide for the daring...