The buds of Norway spruce are cylindrical, acute at the top, and covered by red-brown overlapping resinous bud scales. The buds range in length from 2 cm on the terminal leader to 1 mm on the lateral shoots growing in the shade. The arrangement of lateral buds on current-year shoots is irregular and appears as a pseudo-circular array near the top. The differentiation of flower buds (male and female) on the south-facing portion of the tree crown is minimal compared to the north-facing portions (Barabin 1967).
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