Preventing the deposition of

If the removal of fat is complex and expensive, an alternative strategy is that of preventing the deposition of fat. It is not just those with fat bodies that must be anxious about fat, it follows, but as an epidemic, like with any other disease, the public must be aware and enrolled into fitness and diet regimes, into life-long healthy lifestyles. And this is also the case with the city where there is a potential window of opportunity to maintain health, fitness and leanness before the crisis strikes. The Men's Fitness campaign has stimulated the mobilization of a renewed interesting in the "re-tooling of the urban environment" to mobilize bodies. The strategy becomes one oriented around the maintenance and acceleration of flows to ensure that the fat remains mobile and that the opportunities for its deposition are limited. In relation to sewers there has been the emergence of a range of promotional strategies, guidelines and ordinances all designed to reduce the deposition of fat and with that a concern to mobilize other waste infrastructures that could provide alternative routes for fat disposal. And, just as bodies trying to lose fat require the enrolment of a wide set of networked relations from food supply chains to transport infrastructures that become mobilized through the city collective, so too we find that strategies of removal of fat in sewers involves a vast array of food supply chains and transport infrastructures that include the local configuration of waste management to the global markets for oils. When we turn to prevention strategies then, we see again the complex of interdependencies between bodies, infrastructure and cities but now we also find in addition the intentional re-shaping of urban form. In this sense the need to maintain flow means that the city needs to become more malleable both physically and in terms of social practices to mobilize fat. Not only is the urban environment being actively explored in relation to its implication for the movements and feeding of bodies, but so too, the habits of bodies in houses and restaurants are being reshaped to protect the health of the sewers.

Intervention is much more contextualized, looking at the bodies and sewers and cities in terms of their mutually shaping relations. The body has to be looked at in the context of its movement and mobility through the city, the sewers have to be looked at in relation to the practices of waste disposal by households and restaurants, and the role of the city in creating a context for collective action to mobilize bodies and action around the sewers becomes significant. These interfaces become clearer when strategies to deal with the removal, prevention and acceptance of fat are illuminated. But, significantly, it asks wider questions about the metabolism of fats. Rather than focusing on issues of deposition, it raises wider questions about bodies in contexts—what is consumed and eaten, how bodies move through cities. This in turns starts to raise wider questions about the consumption of foods and the distribution of fats. A wider metabolism of fat comes into view. But what is also significant is that the interconnections between the different metabolisms are brought into view much more powerfully in this approach. This response places bodies, sewers and the cities in relation to each other. The context needs to be reshaped to provide a context for bodies and sewers to avoid fat deposition.

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