This article presents an overview of basic matrix models that are used in various ecological applications and theories. It is intended to make matrix models understandable to ecologists who want to use them and targeted to a reader who has basic background in ecology or familiar with the basic ideas of competition, population regulation, ecological succession, and biogeochemical cycle. Further references that provide information on a broad context in k= i n n n n which the basic matrix models or their modifications normally appear are listed under 'Further reading'.
See also: Age-Class Models; Age Structure and Population Dynamics; Conceptual Diagrams and Flow Diagrams; Ecological Network Analysis, Environ Analysis; Forestry Management; Stability; Stability versus Complexity; Succession.
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