Defense Strategies of Marine and Aquatic Organisms

D Spiteller, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Jena, Germany © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Introduction

Mechanical Defense and Defensive Behavior

Defense of Microalgae and Macroalgae

Sea Grass Defense

Toxins of Cyanobacteria

Sponge Defense

Coral Defense

Bryozoan Defense

Defense of Other Marine Invertebrates Fish Defense

Marine Crustacean Defense

Conclusions

Further Reading

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