Effect of Plant Defense in an Ecosystem

Plant-herbivore interactions can have long-term, complex ecosystem-level consequences, and plant defenses play a role in that dynamic. Research on beaver, moose, wolves, and boreal forest provides an example. Moose are ruminants, with a four-chambered stomach and microbial symbionts that aid digestion of low-protein, tough (via cellulose and lignin) and sublethally noxious or toxic plant matter. A moose can consume 5-6 metric tons of plant material per year. Moose prefer an array of aquatic macrophytes, herbs,

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10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

Learning About 10 Ways Fight Off Cancer Can Have Amazing Benefits For Your Life The Best Tips On How To Keep This Killer At Bay Discovering that you or a loved one has cancer can be utterly terrifying. All the same, once you comprehend the causes of cancer and learn how to reverse those causes, you or your loved one may have more than a fighting chance of beating out cancer.

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