Further Reading

Beisner BE, Haydon D, and Cuddington KL (2003) Alternative stable states in ecology. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 1: 376-382.

Carpenter SR, Ludwig D, and Brock WA (1999) Management of eutrophication for lakes subject to potentially irreversible change. Ecological Applications 9: 751-771.

Holling CS (1973) Resilience and stability of ecological systems. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 4: 1-24.

Jorgensen SE and de Bernardi R (1998) The use of structural dynamic models to explain successes and failures of biomanipulation. Hydrobiologia 379: 147-158.

Law R and Morton RD (1993) Alternative permanent states of ecological communities. Ecology 74: 1347-1361.

Lewontin RC (1969) The meaning of stability. Brookhaven Symposium Scheffer M, Carpenter SR, Foley JA, Folke C, and Walker B (2001)

of Biology 22: 13-23. Catastrophic shifts in ecosystems. Nature 413: 591-596.

May RM (1977) Thresholds and breakpoints in ecosystems with a Voinov AA and Tonkikh AP (1987) Qualitative model of eutrophication in multiplicity of states. Nature 269: 471-477. macrophyte lakes. Ecological Modelling 35: 211-226.

Peterson GD, CarpenterS, and Brock WA (2003) Model uncertainty and Zhang J, J0rgensen SE, Beklioglu M, and Ozlem I (2003) Hysteresis in the management of multi-state ecosystems: A rational route to vegetation shift - Lake Morgan prognoses. Ecological Modelling collapse. Ecology 84: 1403-1411. 164: 227-238.

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