Further Reading

Arnot JA and Gobas FAPC (2003) A generic QSAR for assessing the bioaccumulation potential of organic chemicals in aquatic food-webs. QSAR and Combinatorial Science 22: 337-345.

Arnot JA and Gobas FAPC (2004) A food web bioaccumulation model for organic chemicals in aquatic ecosystems. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 23: 2343-2355.

Campfens J and Mackay D (1997) Fugacity based model of PCB bioaccumulation in complex aquatic food webs. Environmental Science and Technology 31: 577-583.

Connolly JP and Pedersen CJ (1988) Athermodynamically based evaluation of organic chemical bioaccumulation in aquatic organisms. Environmental Science and Technology 22: 99-103.

de Bruyn AMH and Gobas FAPC (2006) A bioenergetic biomagnification model for the animal kingdom. Environmental Science and Technology 40: 1581-1587.

Gobas FAPC (1993) A model for predicting the bioaccumulation of hydrophobic organic chemicals in aquatic food-webs: Application to Lake Ontario. Ecological Modelling 69: 1-17.

Gobas FAPC, Kelly BC, and Arnot JA (2003) Quantitative structure activity relationships for predicting the bioaccumulation of POPs in terrestrial food-webs. QSAR and Combinatorial Science 22: 346-351.

Gobas FAPC and Morrison HA (1999) Bioconcentration and bioaccumulation in the aquatic environment. In: Boethling R and Mackay D (eds.) Handbook of Property Estimation Methods for Chemicals: Environmental and Health Sciences, pp. 139-232 Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press (ISBN 1-56670-456-1).

Gobas FAPC, Wilcockson JWB, Russell RW, and HaffnerGD (1999) Mechanism of biomagnification in fish under laboratory and field conditions. Environmental Science and Technology 33: 133-141.

Gobas FAPC, Zhang X, and Wells RJ (1993) Gastro-intestinal magnification: The mechanism of biomagnification and food-chain accumulation of organic chemicals. Environmental Science and Technology 27: 2855-2863.

Kelly BC and Gobas FAPC (2003) An arctic terrestrial food-chain bioaccumulation model for persistent organic pollutants. Environmental Science and Technology 37: 2966-2974.

Kelly BC, McLachlan MS, and Gobas FAPC (2004) Intestinal absorption and biomagnification of organic contaminants in fish, wildlife and humans. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 23: 2324-2336.

Mackay D (2001) Multimedia Environmental Models: The Fugacity Approach, 2nd edn., 261pp. Boca Raton, FL: Lewis Publishers.

Nichols JW, McKim JM, Andersen ME, etal. (1990) A physiology based toxicokinetic model for the uptake and disposition of waterborne organic chemicals in fish. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 106: 433-447.

Thomann RV (1989) Bioaccumulation model of organic chemical distribution in aquatic food chains. Environmental Science and Technology 23: 699-707.

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