Bonner JT (1988) The Evolution of Complexity by Means of Natural Selection. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Brooks DR and Wiley EO (1988) Evolution as Entropy: Toward a Unified Theory of Biology. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Camazine S, Deneubourg JL, and Franks NR (eds.) (2001) Self-Organization in Biological Systems. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Eigen M and Schuster P (1979) The Hypercycle. A Principle of Natural Self-Organization. Berlin: Springer.
Jorgensen SE, Brown MT, and Odum HT (2004) Energy hierarchy and transformity in the universe. Ecological Modelling 178: 17-28.
Kauffman SA (1993) The Origins of Order: Self-Organization and Selection in Evolution. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Lotka AJ (1925) Elements of Physical Biology. Baltimore, MD: Williams and Wilkins.
Margulis L and Sagan D (2000) What Is Life?: The Eternal Enigma. Princeton, NJ: University of California Press.
Odum HT (1994) Ecological and General Systems: An Introduction to Systems Ecology. Niwot, CO: Colorado University Press.
Pahl-Wostl C (1995) The Dynamic Nature of Ecosystems: Chaos and Order Intertwined. New York: Wiley.
Pimm SL (1991) The Balance of Nature? Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Rossi E (1992) What is life: From quantum flux to the self. Psychological Perspectives 26: 6-22.
Rosen R (1967) Optimality Principles in Biology. New York: Plenum.
Rowe G (1994) Theoretical Models in Biology. New York: Springer.
Schrödinger E (1944) What Is Life? Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Seifert J (1997) What Is Life? The Originality, Irreducibility, and Value of Life. Amsterdam: Rodopi.
Sheldrake AR (1981) A New Science of Life: The Hypothesis of Formative Causation. London: Blond and Briggs.
Svirezhev Yu M (2000) Thermodynamics and ecology. Ecological Modelling 132: 11-22.
Ulanowich R (1986) Growth and Development: Ecosystems Phenomenology. New York: Springer.
von Bertalanfy L (1952) Problems of Life. New York: Wiley.
Was this article helpful?
You Might Start Missing Your Termites After Kickin'em Out. After All, They Have Been Your Roommates For Quite A While. Enraged With How The Termites Have Eaten Up Your Antique Furniture? Can't Wait To Have Them Exterminated Completely From The Face Of The Earth? Fret Not. We Will Tell You How To Get Rid Of Them From Your House At Least. If Not From The Face The Earth.