Further Reading

Agee JK (1993) Fire Ecology of Pacific Northwest Forests. Washington, DC: Island Press.

Allen CD, Savage M, and Falk DA, et al., (2002) Ecological restoration of southwestern ponderosa pine ecosystems: A broad perspective. Ecological Applications 12: 1418-1433.

Baker WL and Ehle DS (2001) Uncertainty in surface-fire history: The case of ponderosa pine forests in the western United States. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 31:1205-1226.

Bessie WC and Johnson EA (1995) The relative importance of fuels and weather on fire behavior in subalpine forests. Ecology 76: 747-762.

Cary GJ, Keane RE, Gardner RH, et al. (2005) Comparison of the sensitivity of landscape-fire-succession models to variation in terrain, fuel pattern, climate and weather. Landscape Ecology 21: 121-137.

Christensen NL, Agee JK, Brussard PF, etal. (1989) Interpreting the yellowstone fires of 1988. Bioscience 39: 678-685.

Cooper CF (1960) Changes in vegetation, structure, and growth of southwestern pine forest since white settlement. Ecological Monographs 30: 129-164.

Covington WW and Moore MM (1994) Southwestern ponderosa pine forest structure and resource conditions: Changes since Euro-American settlement. Journal of Forestry 92: 39-47.

Crutzen PJ and Goldammer JG (eds.) (1993) Fire and the Environment. New York: Wiley.

Elliott K, Hendrick RL, Major AE, Vose JM, and Swank WT (1999) Vegetation dynamics after prescribed fire in the southern Appalachians. Forest Ecology and Management 114: 199-213.

Halsey RW (2004) Fire, Chaparral, and Survival in Southern California. San Diego, CA: Sunbelt Publications.

Heyerdahl EK, Brubaker LB, and Agee JK (2001) Spatial controls of historical fire regimes: A multiscale example from the interior west, USA. Ecology 82: 660-678.

Johnson EA (1992) Fire and Vegetation Dynamics: Studies From the North American Boreal Forest. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Johnson EA and Miyanishi K (eds.) (2001) Forest Fires: Behavior and Ecological Effects. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Keeley JE (2004) Impact of antecedent climate on fire regimes in coastal California. International Journal of Wildland Fire 13: 173-182.

Keeley JE, Fotheringham CJ, and Morais M (1999) Reexamining fire suppression impacts on brushland fire regimes. Science 284: 1829-1832.

Mooney HA, Bonnicksen TM, Christensen NL, Lotan JE, and Reiners WA (eds.) (1981) General Technical Report WO-26: Proceedings of the Conference, Fire Regimes and Ecosystems Properties. Washington, DC: USDA Forest Service.

Moreno JM and Oechel WC (eds.) (1994) The Role of Fire in Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems. New York: Springer.

Odion DC, Frost EJ, and Strittholt JR, etal., (2004) Patterns of fire severity and forest conditions in the western Klamath Mountains, California. Conservation Biology 18: 927-936.

Pyne SJ (1982) Fire in America. A Cultural History of Wildland and Rural Fire. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Savage M and Swetnam TW (1990) Early 19th-century fire decline following sheep pasturing in a Navajo ponderosa pine forest. Ecology 71: 2374-2378.

Schoennagel T, Veblen TT, and Romme W (2004) The interaction of fire, fuels, and climate across Rocky Mountain landscapes. Bioscience 54: 661-676.

Stoddard HL Sr. (1962) Use of fire in pine forests and game lands of the deep southeast. Proceedings of the First Annual Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference 1: 31-42.

Swetnam TW (1993) Fire history and climate change in giant sequoia groves. Science 262: 885-889.

Swetnam TW, Allen CD, and Betancourt JL (1999) Applied historical ecology: Using the past to manage for the future. Ecological Applications 9: 1189-1206.

Swetnam TW and Betancourt JL (1998) Mesoscale disturbance and ecological response to decadal climatic variability in the American Southwest. Journal of Climate 11: 3128-3147.

Vale TR (2002) Fire, Native Peoples, and the Natural Landscape. Covelo, CA: Island Press.

Veblen TT, Baker WL, Montenegro G, and Swetnam TW (eds.) (2003) Fire and Climatic Change in Temperate Ecosystems of the Western Americas. New York: Springer.

Weaver H (1968) Fire and its relationship to ponderosa pine. Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference Proceedings 7: 127-149.

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