Further Reading

Hanski I (1999) Metapopulation Ecology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Hanski I and Gaggiotti OE (eds.) (2004) Ecology, Genetics, and Evolution of Metapopulations. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Hanski I and Ovaskainen O (2000) The metapopulation capacity of a fragmented landscape. Nature 404: 755-758.

Hanski I and Ovaskainen O (2002) Extinction debt at extinction threshold. Conservation Biology 16: 666-673.

Levins R (1969) Some demographic and genetic consequences of environmental heterogeneity for biological control. Bulleting of the Entomological Society of America 15: 237-240.

Levins R (1970) Extinction. Lecture Notes in Mathematics 2: 75-107.

Ovaskainen O and Hanski I (2002) Transient dynamics in metapopulation response to perturbation. Theoretical Population Biology 61: 285-295.

Ovaskainen O and Hanski I (2003) Extinction threshold in metapopulation models. Annales Zoologici Fennici 40: 81-97.

Verheyen K, Vellend M, Van Calster H, Peterken G, and Hermy M (2004) Metapopulation dynamics in changing landscapes: A new spatially realistic model for forest plants. Ecology 85: 3302-3312.

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