Arnold AJ and Fristrup K (1982) A hierarchical expansion of the theory of evolution by natural selection. Paleobiology 8: 113-129.
Charlesworth B, Lande R, and Slatkin M (1982) A Neo-Darwinian commentary on macroevolution. Evolution 36: 474-498.
Eldredge N (1990) Macroevolutionary Dynamics: Species, Niches, and Adaptive Peaks. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Gavrilets S (2004) Fitness Landscapes and the Origin of Species. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Gavrilets S and Vose A (2005) Dynamic patterns of adaptive radiation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102: 18040-18045.
Gerhard J and Kirchner M (1997) Cells, Embryos and Evolution: Toward a Cellular and Developmental Understanding ofPhenotypic Variation and Evolutionary Adaptability. New York: Blackwell Scientific.
Gould SJ (2002) The Structure of Evolutionary Theory. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Kauffman SA (1993) The Origins of Order: Self-Organization and Selection in Evolution. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Knoll AH (2004) Life on a Young Planet: The First Three Billion Years of Evolution of Life on Earth. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Levinton JS (2001) Genetics, Paleontology, and Macroevolution, 2nd edn. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Maynard Smith J and Szathmary E (1998) The Major Transitions in Evolution. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Newman CM, Cohen JE, and Kipnis C (1985) Neo-Darwinian evolution implies punctuated equilibria. Nature 315: 400-401.
Nitecki MH (ed.) (1990) Evolutionary Innovations. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Raff RA (1996) The Shape of Life: Genes, Development, and the Evolution of Animal Form. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Raup DM (1992) Extinction: Bad Genes or Bad Luck? New York: W. W. Norton.
Rice SH (1995) A genetical theory of species selection. Journal of Theoretical Biology 143: 319-342.
Simpson GG (1944) Tempo and Mode in Evolution. New York: Columbia University Press.
Stanley SM (1979) Macroevolution: Pattern and Process. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
Valentine JW (ed.) (1986) Phanerozoic Diversity Patterns: Profiles in Macroevolution. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Was this article helpful?
Learning About 10 Ways Fight Off Cancer Can Have Amazing Benefits For Your Life The Best Tips On How To Keep This Killer At Bay Discovering that you or a loved one has cancer can be utterly terrifying. All the same, once you comprehend the causes of cancer and learn how to reverse those causes, you or your loved one may have more than a fighting chance of beating out cancer.