Further Reading

AlexanderM (2000) Aging, bioavailability, and overestlmation of risk from environmental pollutants. Environmental Science and Technology 34(20): 4259-4265.

Allan IJ, Vrana B, Greenwood R, etal. (2006) 'Toolbox' for biological and chemical monitoring requirements for the European Union's Water Framework Directive. Talanta 69(2): 302-322.

Ares J (2003) Time and space issues in ecotoxicology: Population models, landscape pattern analysis and long-range environmental chemistry. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 22(5): 945-957.

Boudou A and Ribeyre F (1997) Aquatic ecotoxicology: From the ecosystem to the cellular and molecular levels. Environmental Health Perspectives 105(supplement 1): 21-35.

Connell DW (1990) Bioaccumulation ofXenobiotic Compounds. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.

Escher BI and Hermens JLM (2004) Internal exposure: Linking bioavailability to effects. Environmental Science and Technology 38(23): 455A-462A.

Landrum PF, Hayton WL, Lee HI, etal. (1994) Synopsis of discussion session on the kinetics behind environmental bioavailability. In: Hamelink JL, Landrum PF, Bergman HL, and Benson W (eds.) Bioavailability Physical, Chemical and Biological Interactions, pp. 203-219. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.

Landrum PF, Reinhold MD, Nihart SR, and Eadie BJ (1985) Predicting the bioavailability of organic xenobiotics to Pontoporeia hoyi in the presence of humic and fulvic materials and natural dissolved organic matter. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 4: 459-467.

Luoma SN (1996) The developing framework of marine ecotoxicology: Pollutants as a variable in marine ecosystems? Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 200: 29-55.

Luthy RG, Allen-King RM, Brown SL, et al. (2003) Bioavailability of Contaminants in Soils and Sediments; Processes, Tools, and Applications, 420pp. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Macrae JD and Hall KJ (1998) Comparison of methods used to determine the availability of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in marine sediment. Environmental Science and Technology 32(23): 3809-3815.

Namiesnik J, Zabiegalal B, Kot-WasikA, PartykaM, and WasikA(2005) Passive sampling and/or extraction techniques in environmental analysis: A review. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 381: 279-301.

Niyogi S and Wood C (2004) Biotic ligand model, a flexible tool for developing site-specific water quality guidelines for metals. Environmental Science and Technology 38(23): 6177-6192.

Paquin PR, Gorsuch JW, Apte S, etal. (2002) The biotic ligand model: A historical overview. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 133C: 3-35.

Peijnenburg WJGM and Jager T (2003) Monitoring approaches to assess bioaccessibility and bioavailability of metals: Matrix issues. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 56: 63-77.

Sethajintanin D and Anderson KA (2006) Temporal bioavailability of organochlorine pesticides and PCBs. Environmental Science and Technology 40(12): 3689-3695.

Tessier A and Turner D (1995) Metal Speciation and Bioavailability in Aquatic Systems. New York: Wiley.

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