Further Reading

Austin MP (2007) Species distribution models and ecological theory: A critical assessment and some possible new approaches. Ecological Modelling 200: 1-19. Baker WL (1989) A review of models of landscape change. Landscape Ecology 2: 111-131.

Bascompte J and Sole RV (1996) Habitat fragmentation and extinction thresholds in spatially explicit models. Journal of Animal Ecology 65: 465-473.

Cale WG, Jr., O'Neill RV, and Shugart HH (1983) Development and application of desirable ecological models. Ecological Modelling 18: 171-186.

Costanza R, Wainger L, Folke C, and Maler K-G (1993)

Modeling complex ecological economic systems. BioScience 43: 545-555.

Fortin MJ and Dale MRT (2005) Spatial Analysis: A Guide for Ecologists. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Gardner RH and Gustafson EJ (2004) Simulating dispersal of reintroduced species within heterogeneous landscapes. Ecological Modelling 171: 339-358.

Guisan A and Zimmerman NE (2000) Predictive habitat distribution models in ecology. Ecological Modelling 135: 147-186.

Irwin EG and Geoghegan J (2001) Theory, data, methods: Developing spatially explicit economic models of land use change. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 85: 7-23.

Keane RE, Cary GJ, Davies ID, et al. (2004) A classification of landscape fire succession models: Spatial simulations of fire and vegetation dynamics. Ecological Modelling 179: 459-469.

Lookingbill TR and Urban DL (2005) Gradient analysis, the next generation: Towards more plant-relevant explanatory variables. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 35: 1744-1753.

Mladenoff DJ and Baker WL (eds.) (1999) Spatial Modeling of Forest Landscape Change: Approaches and Applications. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Pressey RL (1994) Ad hoc reservations - forward or backward steps in developing representative reserve systems. Conservation Biology 8: 662-668.

Scott JM, Davis F, Csuti B, et al. (1993) Gap analysis: A geographic approach to protection of biological diversity. Wildlife Monograph 123: 1-41.

Sklar FH and Costanza R (1990) The development of dynamic spatial models for landscape ecology: A review and prognosis. In: Turner MG and Gardner RH (eds.) Quantitative Methods in Landscape Ecology, pp. 239-288. New York: Springer.

Tague CL and Band LE (2004) RHESSys: Regional hydro-ecologic simulation system - an object-oriented approach to spatially distributed modeling of carbon, water, and nutrient cycling. Earth Interactions 8: 1-42.

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