Further Reading

Andersen T (1997) Pelagic Nutrient Cycles: Grazers as Sources and Sinks of Nutrients. Berlin: Springer.

Anderson TR, Hessen DO, Elser JJ, and Urabe J (2005) Metabolic stoichiometry and the fate of excess carbon and nutrients in consumers. American Naturalist 165: 1-15.

Chrzanowski TH and Kyle M (1996) Ratios of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus in Pseudomonas fluorescens as a model for bacterial element ratios and nutrient regeneration. Aquatic Microbial Ecology 10: 115-122.

Droop MR (1974) The nutrient status of algal cells in continuous culture. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK 54: 825-855.

Elser JJ, Acharya K, Kyle M, et al. (2003) Growth rate-stoichiometry couplings in diverse biota. Ecology Letters 6: 936-943.

Elser JJ, Dobberfuhl D, MacKay NA, and Schampel JH (1996) Organism size, life history, and stoichiometry: Towards a unified view of cellular and ecosystem processes. BioScience 46: 674-684.

Frost PC, Evans-White MA, Finkel ZV, Jensen TC, and Matzek V (2005) Are you what you eat? Physiological constraints on organismal stoichiometry in an elementally imbalanced world. Oikos 109:18-28.

Grossman A and Takahashi H (2001) Macronutrient utilization by photosynthetic eukaryotes and the fabric of interactions. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology 52: 163-210.

Nielsen SL, Enriquez S, Duarte CM, and Sand-Jensen K (1996) Scaling maximum growth rates across photosynthetic organisms. Functional Ecology 10: 167-175.

Rhee G-Y (1978) Effects of N:P atomic ratios and nitrate limitation on algal growth, cell composition and nitrate uptake. Limnology and Oceanography 23: 10-25.

Sterner RW and Elser JJ (2002) Ecological Stoichiometry. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Tilman D, Kilham SS, and Kilham P (1982) Phytoplankton community ecology: The role of limiting nutrients. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 13: 349-372.

Urabe J and Watanabe Y (1992) Possibility of N or P limitation for planktonic cladocerans: An experimental test. Limnology and Oceanography 37: 244-251.

Vrede T, Dobberfuhl DR, Kooijman SALM, and Elser JJ (2004) Fundamental connections among organism C:N:P stoichiometry, macromolecular composition, and growth. Ecology 85: 1217-1229.

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