Further Reading

Ahl V and Allen TFH (1996) Hierarchy Theory, A Vision Vocabulary and

Epistemology. New York: University of Columbia Press. Allen TFH and Hoekstra TW (1992) Toward a Unified Ecology.

New York: University of Columbia Press. Allen TFH, O'Neill RV, and Hoekstra TW (1984) Interlevel relations in ecological research and management: Some working principles from hierarchy theory. General Technical Report R.M. 110. Fort Collins: USDA Forest Service (republished in 1987 in Journal of Applied Systems Analysis 14: 63-79). Allen TFH and Starr TB (1982) Hierarchy: Perspectives for Ecological

Complexity. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Kay J, Regier H, Boyle M, and Francis G (1999) An ecosystem approach for sustainability: Addressing the challenge of complexity. Futures 31: 721-742.

Koestler A (1967) The Ghost in the Machine. Chicago: Gateway. O'Neill RV, DeAngelis D, Waide J, and Allen TFH (1986) Monographs in Population Biology 23: A Hierarchical Concept of Ecosystems. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Overton WS (1975) Decomposability: A unifying concept? In: Levin S (ed.) Proceedings of the SIAM-SIMS Conference on Ecosystems Analysis and Prediction, pp. 297-299. Philadelphia: Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics. Patten BC (1978) Systems approach to the concept of environment.

Ohio Journal of Science 78: 206-222. Pattee HH (ed.) (1973) Hierarchy Theory: The Challenge of Complex

Systems. New York: Braziller. Salthe SN (1985) Evolving Hierarchical Systems. New York: Columbia University Press.

Simon HA (1962) The architecture of complexity. Proceedings of the

American Philosophical Society 106: 467-482. Waltner-Toews D, Kay JJ, Neudoerffer C, and Gitau T (2003) Perspective changes everything: Managing ecosystems from the inside out. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 1(1): 23-30. Webster JR (1979) Hiearchical organization of ecosytems. In: Halfon E (ed.) Theoretic Systems Ecology, pp. 119-131. New York: Academic Press.

Whyte LL, Wilson AG, and Wilson D (1969) Hierarchical Structures. New York: Elsevier.

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