Further Reading

Clements FE (1916) Plant Succession: An Analysis of the Development of Vegetation. Washington: Carnegie Institute.

Edson MM, Foin TC, and Knapp CM (1981) 'Emergent properties' and ecological research. American Naturalist 118: 593-596.

Gleason HA (1927) Further views on the succession concept. Ecology 8: 299-326.

Krebs CJ (1978) Ecology: The Experimental Analysis of Abundance and Distribution. New York: Harperand Row.

Lovelock JE (1979) Gaia: A New Look at Life on Earth. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Mcintosh RP (1985) The Background of Ecology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Odum EP (1971) Fundamentals of Ecology, 3rd edn. Philadelphia: Saunders.

Salt GW (1979) A comment on the use of the term 'emergent properties'. American Naturalist 113:145-148.

Simberloff D (1980) A succession of paradigms in ecology: Essentialism, materialism and probabilism. In: Saarinen E (ed.) Conceptual Issues in Ecology, pp. 63-99. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Reidel.

Underwood AJ (1986) What is a community? In: Raup DM and Jablonski D (eds.) Patterns and Processes in the History of Life, pp. 351-367. Berlin: Springer.

Whittaker RH (1956) Vegetation of the Great Smoky Mountains. Ecological Monographs 26: 1-80.

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