Further Reading

Baird D and Heymans JJ (1996) Assessment of the ecosystem changes in response to freshwater inflow of the Kromme River estuary, St. Francis Bay, South Africa: A network analysis approach. Water SA 22(4): 307-318.

Fabiano M, Vassallo P, Vezzulli L, Salvo VS, and Marques JC (2004) Temporal and spatial changes of exergy and ascendency in different benthic marine ecosystems. Energy 29: 1697-1712.

Genoni GP (1992) Short-term effect of a toxicant on scope for change in ascendency in a microcosm community. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 24: 179-191.

MacArthur R (1955) Fluctuations of animal populations, and a measure of community stability. Ecology 36(3): 533-536.

Morris JT, Christian RR, and Ulanowicz RE (2005) Analysis of size and complexity of randomly constructed food webs by information theoretic metrics. In: Belgrano A, Scharler UM, Dunne JA, and Ulanowicz RE (eds.) Aquatic Food Webs, vol. 7, pp. 73-85. New York: Oxford University Press.

Odum EP (1969) The strategy of ecosystem development. Science 164: 262-270.

Patricio J, Ulanowicz RE, Pardal M, and Marques J (2006) Ascendency as ecological indicator for environmental quality assessment at the ecosystem level: A case study. Hydrobiologia 555: 19-30.

Popper KR (1982) A World of Propensities, 51pp. Bristol: Thoemmes.

Rutledge RW, Basore BL, and Mulholland R (1976) Ecological stability: An information theory viewpoint. Journal of Theoretical Biology 57: 355-371.

Scharler UM and Baird D (2005) A comparison of selected ecosystem attributes of three South African estuaries with different freshwater inflow regimes, using network analysis. Journal of Marine Systems 56(3-4): 283-308.

Tobor-Kaplon MA, Holtkamp R, Scharler UM, Bloem J, and de Ruiter PC (2007) Evaluation of information indices as indicators of environmental stress in terrestrial. Ecological Modelling 208: 80-90.

Ulanowicz RE (1986) Growth and Development: Ecosystems Phenomenology. New York: Springer.

Ulanowicz RE (1997) Ecology, The Ascendent Perspective. New York: Columbia University Press.

Ulanowicz RE (2004) Quantitative methods for ecological network analysis. Computational Biology and Chemistry 28: 321-339.

Ulanowicz RE and Abarca-Arenas LG (1997) An informational synthesis of ecosystem structure and function. Ecological Modelling 95: 1-10.

Ulanowicz RE and Baird D (1999) Nutrient controls on ecosystem dynamics: The Chesapeake mesohaline community. Journal of Marine Systems 19: 159-172.

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