Further Reading

Achard F, Eva HD, Mayaux P, Stibig H-J, and Belward A (2004)

Improved estimates of net carbon emissions from land cover change in the Tropics for the 1990s. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 18: GB2008 (doi:10.1029/2003GB002142).

DeFries RS, Houghton RA, Hansen MC, et al. (2002) Carbon emission from tropical deforestation and regrowth based on satellite observations for the 1980s and 90s. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 99: 14256-14261.

FAO (2005) Global Resources Assessment 2005. Progress towards sustainable forest management. FAO Forestry 147, 350pp. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Ferniside PM (1997) Greenhouse gases from deforestation in Brazilian Amazonia: Net committed emissions. Climatic Change 35(3): 321-360.

Ferniside PM (2000) Global warming and tropical land-use change: Greenhouse gas emissions from biomass burning, decomposition and soils in forest conversion, shifting cultivation and secondary vegetation. Climatic Change 46: 115-158.

Geist HJ and Lambin EF (2002) Proximate causes and underlying driving forces of tropical deforestation. BioScience 52: 143-150.

Hirsch AI, Little WS, Houghton RA, Scott NA, and White JD (2004) The net carbon flux due to deforestation and forest re-growth in the Brazilian Amazon: Analysis using a process-based model. Global Change Biology 10: 908-924.

Houghton RA (2003) Revised estimates of the annual flux of carbon to the atmosphere from changes of land use and land management 1850-2000. Tellus 53B: 378-390.

Houghton RA, Joos F, and Asner GP (2004) The effect of land use and management on the global carbon cycle. In: Gutman G, Janetos AC, Justice CO, et al. (eds.) Remote Sensing and Digital Processing Series, Vol. 6: Land Change Science, pp. 237-256. Amsterdam: Kluwer Academic.

Lambin EF, Geist H, and Lepers E (2003) Dynamics of land use and cover change in tropical regions. Annual Review of Environment and Resources 28: 205-241.

Lepers E, Lambin EF, Janetos AC, et al. (2005) A synthesis of information on rapid land-cover change for the period 1981-2000. BioScience 55(2): 115-124.

Moutinho P and Schwartzman S (eds.) (2005) Tropical Deforestation and Climate Change, 132pp. Washington, DC: Amazon Institute for Environmental Research.

Phillips OL, Malhy J, Vinceti B, etal. (2002) Changes in growth of tropical forests: Evaluating potential biases. Ecological Applications 12:576-587.

Santili M, Moutinho P, Schwartzman S, et al. (2005) Tropical deforestation and the Kyoto Protocol: An editorial essay. Climatic Change 71: 267-276.

Shvidenko A, Barber CV, Persson R, et al. (2005) Forest and woodland systems. In: Hassan R, Scholes R, and Ash N (eds.) The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Series, Vol. 1: Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: Current State and Trends, pp. 585-621. Washington, DC: Island Press.

Watson RT, Nobble IR, Bolin B, et al. (eds.) (2000) Special Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: Land Use, Land-Use Change, and Forestry. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

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