Further Reading

Botkin DB, Janak JF, and Wallis JR (1972) Some ecological consequences of a computer model of forest growth. Journal of Ecology 60: 849-873.

Bousquet F and Le Page C (2004) Multi-agent simulations and ecosystem management: A review. Ecological Modelling 176:313-332.

DeAngelis DL and Mooij WM (2005) Individual-based modeling of ecological and evolutionary processes. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 36: 147-168.

Goss-Custard JD, Burton NHK, Clark NA, et al. (2006) Test of a behavior-based individual-based model: Response of shorebird mortality to habitat loss. Ecological Applications 16: 2215-2222.

Grimm V, Berger U, Bastiansen F, et al. (2006) A standard protocol for describing individual-based and agent-based models. Ecological Modelling 198: 115-296.

Grimm V and Railsback SF (2005) Individual-Based Modeling and Ecology. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Grimm V, Revilla E, Berger U, etal. (2005) Pattern-oriented modeling of agent-based complex systems: Lessons from ecology. Science 310: 987-991.

Liu J and Ashton PS (1995) Individual-based simulation models for forest succession and management. Forest Ecology and Management 73: 157-175.

Peck SL (2004) Simulation as experiment: A philosophical reassessment for biological modeling. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 19: 530-534.

Pitt WC, Box PW, and Knowlton FF (2003) An individual-based model of canid populations: Modelling territoriality and social structure. Ecological Modelling 166: 109-121.

Railsback SF (2001) Concepts from complex adaptive systems as a framework for individual-based modelling. Ecological Modelling 139: 47-62.

Railsback SF and Harvey BC (2002) Analysis of habitat-selection rules using an individual-based model. Ecology 83: 1817-1830.

Strand E (2003) Adaptive Models of Vertical Migration in Fish. Doctoral thesis, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

Uchmaiiski J (2003) Ecology of individuals. In: Ambasht RS and Ambasht NK (eds.) Modern Trends in Applied Terrestrial Ecology, pp. 275-302. New York: Plenum.

Wiegand T, Revilla E, and Knauer F (2004) Dealing with uncertainty in spatially explicit population models. Biodiversity and Conservation 13:53-78.

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