Further Reading

CharnleyG and Elliott ED (2002) Risk versus precaution: Environmental law and public health protection. Environmental Law Reporter 32(2): 10363-10366.

Cross FB (1996) Paradoxical perils of the precautionary principle. Washington and Lee Law Review 53: 851-925.

European Commission (2000) Communication from the Commission on the Precautionary Principle. COM(2000) 1. Brussels: European Union.

European Commission (2001) European Governance: A White Paper final. Brussels: European Union, C0M(2001) 428.

Fisher E (2002) Precaution, precaution everywhere: Developing a 'common understanding' of the precautionary principle in the European community. Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law 9(1): 7-46.

Gee D, Harremoes P, Keys J, et al. (2001) Late Lesson from Early Warnings: The Precautionary Principle 1898-2000. Copenhagen: European Environment Agency.

IRGC (2005) White Paper on Risk Governance: Towards an Integrative Framework.. Geneva: International Risk Governance Council.

Klinke A and Renn O (2001) Precautionary principle and discursive strategies: Classifying and managing risks. Journal of Risk Research 4(2): 159-173.

Lofstedt RE (2004) The swing of the pendulum in Europe: From precautionary principle to (regulatory) impact assessment. AEI-Brookings Joint Center for Regulatory Studies Working Paper 04-07. London: Kings College.

Majone G (2002) What price safety? The precautionary principle and its policy implications. Journal of Common Market Studies 40(1): 89-109.

Marchant GE and Mossman KL (2004) Arbitrary and Capricious: The Precautionary Principle in the European Union Courts. Washington, DC: The AEI Press.

O'Riordan T and Cameron JC (1994) Interpreting the Precautionary Principle. London: Earthscan.

O'Riordan T, Cameron JC, and Jordan A (2001) Reinterpreting the Precautionary Principle. London: Cameron May.

Peterson M (2007) The precautionary principle should not be used as a basis for decision-making. EMBO Reports 8: 305-308.

Renn O (2007) Precaution and analysis: Two sides of the same coin? EMBO Reports 8: 303-305.

Renn O, Stirling A, Muller-Herold U, et al. (2003) The Application of the Precautionary Principle in the European Union. Stuttgart: University of Stuttgart, Final Report to the EU Commission.

Resnik D (2003) Is the precautionary principle unscientific? Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 34: 329-344.

Sand P (2000) The precautionary principle: A European perspective. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment 6(3): 445-458.

Sandin P, Peterson M, Hansson SO, Ruden C, and Juthe A (2002) Five charges against the precautionary principle. Journal of Risk Research 5(4): 287-299.

Stirling A (2003) Risk, uncertainty and precaution: Some instrumental implications from the social sciences. In: Berkhout F, Leach M, and Scoones I (eds.) Negotiating Change, pp. 184-212. London: Elgar.

Stirling A (2007) Risk, precaution and science: Towards a more constructive policy debate. EMBO Reports 8: 309-315.

Stirling A, Renn O, and van Zwanenberg P (2006) A framework for the precautionary governance of food safety: Integrating science and participation in the social appraisal of risk. In: Fisher E, Jones J, and von Schomberg R (eds.) Implementing the Precautionary Principle. Perspectives and Prospects, pp. 284-315. Cheltenham and London: Edward Elgar.

van Asselt MBA (2000) Perspectives on Uncertainty and Risk. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer.

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