Further Reading

Andrewartha HG and Birch LC (1954) The Distribution and Abundance of Animals. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Cottingham KL, Brown BL, and Lennon JT (2001) Biodiversity may regulate the temporal variability of ecological systems. Ecology Letters 4: 72-85.

Cuddington K (2001) The 'balance of nature' metaphor and equilibrium in population ecology. Biology & Philosophy 16: 463-479.

Egerton FN (1973) Changing concepts of the balance of nature. The Quarterly Review of Biology 48: 322-350.

Elton CS (1924) Periodic fluctuations in numbers of animals: Their causes and effects. British Journal of Experimental Biology 2: 119-163.

Elton CS (1930) Animal Ecology and Evolution. New York: Oxford University Press.

Ericson L, Burdon JJ, and Mülle WJ (1999) Spatial and temporal dynamics of epidemics of the rust fungus Uromyces valeriancae on populations of its host Valeriana salina. Journal of Ecology 87: 649-658.

Gaston KJ (1988) Patterns in the local and regional dynamics of moth populations. Oikos 53: 49-57.

Hanski I, Turchin P, Korpimaki E, and Henttonen H (1993) Population. Oscillations of boreal rodents: Regulation by mustelid predators leads to chaos. Nature 364: 232-234.

Henderson PA, Seaby RM, and Somes JR (2006) A 25-year study of climatic and density-dependent population regulation of common shrimp, Crangon crangon, in the Bristol Channel. Journal of Marine Biology Association of the UK 86: 287-298.

Lack DL (1954) The Natural Regulation of Animal Numbers. Oxford:

Clarendon Press. Llebhold A and Kamata N (2000) Are population cycles and spatial synchrony a universal characteristic of forest insect populations? Population Ecology 42: 205-209. Nicholson AJ (1933) The balance of animal populations. Journal of

Animal Ecology 2: 132-178. 0kland B, Andrew Liebhold M, et al. (2005) Are bark beetle outbreaks less synchronous than forest Lepidoptera outbreaks? Oecologia 146: 365-372. Peltonen M, Liebhold AM, Bjornstad ON, and Williams DW (2002) Spatial synchrony in forest insect outbreaks: Roles of regional stochasticity and dispersal. Ecology 3: 3120-3129. Saether B-E, Engen S, and Matthysen E (2002) Demographic characteristics and population dynamical patterns of solitary birds. Science 295: 2070-2073.

Saether B-E, Engen S, Moller AP, etal. (2004) Life-history variation predicts the effects of demographic stochasticity on avian population dynamics. American Naturalist 164: 793-802.

Saitoh T, Stenseth NChr, Viljugrein H, and Kittilsen MO (2003)

Mechanisms of density dependence in fluctuating vole populations: Deducing annual density dependence from seasonal processes. Population Ecology 45: 165-173.

Stenseth NChr, Viljugrein H, Saitoh T, et al. (2003) Seasonality, density dependence, and population cycles in Hokkaido voles. Ecology 100: 11478-11483.

Tamara N, RomanukTN, and Kolasa J (2004) Population variability is lower in diverse rock pools when the obscuring effects of local processes are removed. Ecoscience 11: 455-462.

Tilman D (1996) Biodiversity: Population versus ecosystem stability. Ecology 77: 350-363.

White TCR (1993) The Inadequate Environment: Nitrogen and the Abundance of Animals. Berlin: Springer.

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