Further Reading

Anderson JW and Lee RF (2006) Use of biomarkers in oil spill risk assessment in the marine environment. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment 12: 1192-1222. Bolognesi C, Perrone E, Roggieri P, and Sciutto A (2006) Bioindicators in monitoring long term genotoxic impact of oil spill: Haven case study. Marine Environmental Research 62(supplement S): S287-S291. Brannon EL, Collins KM, Brown JS, et al. (2006) Toxicity of weathered Exxon Valdez crude oil to pink salmon embryos. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 25: 962-972. Fernandez N, Cesar A, Salamanca MJ, and DelValls TA (2006) Toxicological characterization of the aqueous soluble phase of the Prestige fuel-oil using the sea-urchin embryo bioassay. Ecotoxicology 15: 593-599. French-McCay DP (2004) Oil spill impact modeling: Development and validation. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 23: 2441-2456.

Harayama S, Kasai Y, and Hara A (2004) Microbial communities in oil-contaminated seawater. Current Opinion in Biotechnology 15: 205-214.

Hylland K (2006) Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) ecotoxicology in marine ecosystems. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health - Part A: Current Issues 69: 109-123. Kingston PF (2002) Long-term environmental impact of oil spills. Spill

Science and Technology Bulletin 7: 53-61. Lee RF (2003) Photo-oxidation and photo-toxicity of crude and refined oils. Spill Science and Technology Bulletin 8: 157-162. National Research Council of the National Academies (2005) Oil Spill Dispersants: Efficacy and Effects. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. Peterson CH, Rice SD, Short JW, et al. (2003) Long-term ecosystem response to the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Science 302: 2082-2086. Simanzhenkov V and Idem R (2003) Crude Oil Chemistry. New York: Dekker.

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