Further Reading

Chang S, Steimle FW, Reid RN, et al. (1992) Association of benthic macrofauna with habitat types and quality in the New York Bight. Marine Ecology Progress Series 99: 237-251.

Dauer DM (1993) Biological criteria, environmental health and estuarine macrobenthic community structure. Marine Pollution Bulletin 26: 249-257.

Diaz RJ, Solan M, and Valente RM (2004) A review of approaches for classifying benthic habitats and evaluating habitat quality. Journal of Environmental Management 73: 165-181.

Gauch HG, Jr. (1982) Cambridge Studies in Ecology: Multivariate Analysis in Community Ecology. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Norris RH (1995) Biological monitoring: The dilemma of data analysis. Journal of the North American Biological Society 14: 440-450.

Pearson TH and Rosenberg R (1978) Macrobenthic succession in relation to organic enrichment and pollution of the marine environment. Oceanography and Marine Biology Annual Review 16: 229-311.

Smith RW, Bergen M, Weisberg SB, et al. (2001) Benthic response index for assessing infaunal communities on the mainland shelf of southern California. Ecological Applications 11(4): 1073-1087.

Stull J (1995) Two decades of biological monitoring, Palos Verdes, California, 1972 to 1992. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 94: 21-45.

Tapp JF, Shillabeer N, and Ashman CM (1993) Continued observation of the benthic fauna of the industrialized Tees Estuary, 1979-1990. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 172: 67-80.

Warwick RM and Clarke KR (1993) Increased variability as a symptom of stress in marine environments. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 172: 215-226.

Weisberg SB, Ranasinghe JA, Dauer DM, et al. (1997) An estuarine benthic index of biotic integrity (B-IBI) for Chesapeake Bay. Estuaries 20: 149-158.

Word JQ (1990) The Infaunal Trophic Index, A Functional Approach to Benthic Community Analyses. PhD Dissertation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.

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