Blaxter ML, De Ley P, Garey JR, et al. (1998) A molecular evolutionary framework for the phylum Nematoda. Nature 392: 71-75.
Combes C (2001) Parasitism. The Ecology and Evolution of Intimate Interactions. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Cox FEG (2001) Concomitant infections, parasites and immune responses. Parasitology 122: S23-S38.
Davies NB (2000) Cuckoos, Cowbirds and Other Cheats. London: T & AD Poyser.
Frank SA (2002) Immunology and Evolution of Infectious Disease. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Langmore NE, Hunt S, and Kilner RM (2003) Escalation of a coevolutionary arms race through host rejection of brood parasitic young. Nature 422: 157-160.
Moore J (2002) Parasites and the Behavior of Animals. New York: Oxford University Press.
Morand S and Sorci G (1998) Determinants of life history evolution in nematodes. Parasitology Today 14: 193-196.
Nowak MA and May RM (2000) Virus Dynamics: Mathematical Principles of Immunology and Virology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Parker GA, Chubb JC, Ball MA, and Roberts GN (2003) Evolution of complex life cycles in helminth parasites. Nature 425: 480-484.
Poulin R (1998) Evolutionary Ecology of Parasites. From Individuals to Communities. London: Chapman and Hall.
Poulin R and Morand S (2000) The diversity of parasites. The Quarterly Review of Biology 75: 277-293.
Thomas F, Renaud F, and Guegan J-F (2005) Parasitism and Ecosystems. New York: Oxford University Press.
Was this article helpful?
Learning About 10 Ways Fight Off Cancer Can Have Amazing Benefits For Your Life The Best Tips On How To Keep This Killer At Bay Discovering that you or a loved one has cancer can be utterly terrifying. All the same, once you comprehend the causes of cancer and learn how to reverse those causes, you or your loved one may have more than a fighting chance of beating out cancer.