Further Reading

Ball P (1999) The Self-Made Tapestry: Pattern Formation in Nature. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Camazine S, Deneubourg J-L, Franks NR, etal. (2003)

Self-Organization in Biological Systems. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Green DG, Klomp NI, Rimmington GR, and Sadedin S (2006) Complexity in Landscape Ecology. Amsterdam: Springer.

Holland JH (1996) Hidden Order: How Adaptation Builds Complexity. New York: Addison-Wesley.

Levin SA (1998) Ecosystems and the biosphere as complex adaptive systems. Ecosystems 1(5): 431-436.

Patten BC, Fath BD, and Choi JS (2002) Complex adaptive hierarchical systems - Background. In: Costanza R and J0rgensen SE (eds.) Understanding and Solving Environmental Problems in the 21st Century, pp. 41-94. London: Elsevier.

Prigogine I (1980) From Being to Becoming. New York: Freeman (ISBN 0-7167-1107-9).

Rohani P, Lewis TJ, Gruenbaum D, and Ruxton GD (1997) Spatial self-organization in ecology: Pretty patterns or robust reality? Trends in Ecology and Evolution 12(8): 70-74.

Sole RVand Levin S (2002) Preface to special issue: The biosphere as a complex adaptive system. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B 357: 617-618.

Watts DJ and Strogatz SH (1998) Collective dynamics of 'small-world' networks. Nature 393(6684): 440-442.

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