Further Reading

Bentley HL (1898) Cattle ranges of the Southwest: A history of the exhaustion of the pasturage and suggestions for its restoration. US Department of Agriculture, Farmers' Bulletin Number 72.

Caughley G (1976) Wildlife management and the dynamics of ungulate populations. Applied Biology 1: 183-246.

Caughley G (1979) What is this thing called carrying capacity? In: Boyce MS and Hayden-Wing LD (eds.) North American Elk: Ecology, Behavior, and Management, pp. 1-8. Laramie, WY: University of Wyoming Press.

Cohen JE (1995) How Many People Can the Earth Support? New York: W. W. Norton and Company.

Dhondt AA (1988) Carrying capacity: A confusing concept. Acta Oecologia (Oecologica Generalis) 9: 337-346.

Kingsland SE (1995) Modeling Nature: Episodes in the History of Population Ecology, 2nd edn. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Klein DR (1968) The introduction, increase, and crash of reindeer on St. Matthew Island. Journal of Wildlife Management 32: 350-367.

Macnab J (1985) Carrying capacity and related slippery shibboleths. Wildlife Society Bulletin 13: 403-410.

Mautz WM (1978) Nutrition and carrying capacity. In: Schmidt JL and Gilbert DL (eds.) Big Game of North America: Ecology and Management, pp. 321-348. Harrisburg, PA: Stackpole Books.

McLeod SR (1997) Is the concept of carrying capacity useful in variable environments? Oikos 79: 529-542.

Myers RA, MacKenzie BR, Bowen KG, and Barrowman NJ (2001) What is the carrying capacity for fish in the ocean? A meta-analysis of population dynamics of North Atlantic cod. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 58: 1464-1476.

Pearl R and Reed LJ (1920) On the rate of growth of the population of the United States since 1790 and its mathematical representation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 6: 275-288.

Scarnecchia DL (1990) Concepts of carrying capacity and substitution ratios: A systems viewpoint. Journal of Range Management 43: 553-555.

Sharkey MI (1970) The carrying capacity of natural and improved land in different climatic zones. Mammalia 34: 564-572.

Verhulst PF (1838) Notice sur la loi que la population suit dans son accroissement. Correspondances Mathematiques et Physiques 10: 113-121.

Wackernagel M and Rees WE (1996) Our Ecological Footprint: Reducing Human Impact on the Earth. Gabriola Island, BC: New Society Publishers.

Walters CJ, Christensen V, Martell SJ, and Kitchell JF (2005) Possible ecosystem impacts of applying MSY policies from single-species assessments. ICES Journal of Marine Science 62: 558-568.

Young CC (1998) Defining the range: The development of carrying capacity in management practice. Journal of the History of Biology 31: 61-83.

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