Further Reading

Andrews JH (1991) Comparative Ecology of Microorganisms and

Macroorganisms. Berlin, Germany: Springer. Becks L, Hilker FM, Malchow H, Jürgens K, and Arndt H (2005) Experimental demonstration of chaos in a microbial food web. Nature 435: 1226-1229. Fernandez A, Hüang SY, Seston S, et al. (1999) How stable is stable? Function versus community composition. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 65: 3697-3704. Füssmann GF, Ellner SP, Shertzer KW, and Hairston NG (2000)

Crossing the Hopf bifurcation in a live predator-prey system. Science 290: 1358-1360.

GauseGF (1934) The Struggle for Existence. Baltimore, USA: Williams & Wilkins.

Graham DW, Knapp CW, Van Vleck ES, Bloor K, Lane TB, and

Graham CE (2007) Experimental demonstration of chaotic instability in biological nitrification. ISME Journal 1: 305-393. Hüisman J and Weissing FJ (1999) Biodiversity of plankton by species oscillations and chaos. Nature 402: 407-410. Hüisman J and Weissing FJ (2001) Fündamental ünpredictability in multispecies competition. American Naturalist 157: 488-494. Jessup CM, Kassen R, Forde SE, et al. (2004) Big questions, small worlds: Microbial model systems in ecology. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 19: 189-197. Kerr B, Riley M, Feldman M, and Bohannan BJM (2002) Local dispersal promotes biodiversity in a real life game of rock-paper-scissors. Nature 418: 171-174. Knoll AH (2003) Life on a Young Planet: The First Three Billion Years of Evolution on Earth. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Lendenmann U, Snozzi M, and Egli T (1996) Kinetics of the simultaneous utilization of sugar mixtures by Escherichia coli in continuous culture. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 62: 1493-1499.

Monod J (1950) La technique de culture continu, theorie et applications.

Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris) 79: 390-410. Naeem S and Li SB (1997) Biodiversity enhances ecosystem reliability.

Nature 390: 507-509. Passarge J, Hol S, Escher M, and Huisman J (2006) Competition for nutrients and light: Stable coexistence, alternative stable states, or competitive exclusion? Ecological Monographs 76: 57-72. Tilman D (1980) Resources: A graphical-mechanistic approach to Competition and predation. American Naturalist 116: 362-393. Tilman D (1982) Resource Competition and Community Structure. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

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