Further Reading

Charnov EL (1982) The Theory of Sex Allocation. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Clark AB (1978) Sex ratio and local resource competition in a prosimian primate. Science 201:163-165.

Cluttonbrock TH (1986) Sex ratio variation in birds. Ibis 128: 317-329.

Cluttonbrock TH and lason GR (1986) Sex ratio variation in mammals. Quarterly Review of Biology. 61: 339-374.

Davis DL, Gottlieb, and Stampnitzky JR (1998) Reduced ratio of male to female births in several industrial countries: A sentinel health indicator? Journal of the American Medical Association 279: 1018-1023.

Dawson TE and Ehleringer JR (1993) Gender-specific physiology, carbon isotope discrimination, and habitat distribution in boxelder, Acer negundo. Ecology 74: 798-815.

De Jong TJ and Klinkhamer PGL (2002) Sex ratio in dioecious plants. In: Hardy ICW (ed.) Sex Ratios - Concepts and Research Methods, pp. 349-364. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Ellegren H, Gustafsson L, and Sheldon BC (1996) Sex ratio adjustment in relation to paternal attractiveness in a wild bird population. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 93: 11723-11728.

Fisher RA (1930) The Genetical Theory of Natural Selection. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Freeman DC, Harper KT, and Charnov EL (1980) Sex change in plants: Old and new observations and new hypotheses. Oecologia 47: 222-232.

Freeman DC, Mcarthur ED, Harper KT, and Blauer AC (1981) Influence of environment on the flora sex ratio of monoecious plants. Evolution 35: 194-197.

Geber MA, Dawson TE, and Delph LF (eds.) (1999) Gender and Sexual Dimorphism in Flowering Plants. Berlin: Springer.

Hamilton WD (1967) Extraordinary sex ratios. Science 156: 477-487.

Hardy ICW (ed.) (2002) Sex ratios: Concepts and Research Methods. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Herre EA (1985) Sex ratio adjustment in fig wasps. Science 228: 896-898.

Holzapfel C and Mahall BE (1999) Bidirectional facilitation and interference between shrubs and annuals in the Mojave Desert. Ecology 80: 1747-1761.

Janzen FJ and Paukstis GL (1991) Environmental sex determination in reptiles: Ecology, evolution, and experimental design. Quarterly Review of Biology 66: 149-179.

Karlin S and Lessard S (1986) Theoretical Studies on Sex Ratio Evolution. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Komdeur J, Daan S, Tinbergen SJ, and Mateman C (1997) Extreme adaptive modification in sex ratio of the Seychelles warbler's eggs. Nature 385: 522-525.

Komdeur J, etal. (1997) Extreme adaptive modification in sex ratio of the Seychelles warbler's eggs. Nature 385: 522-525.

Majerus MEN (2003) Sex Wars: Genes, Bacteria, and Biased Sex Ratios. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

McCauley DE and Taylor DR (1997) Local population structure and sex ratio: Evolution in gynodioecious plants. American Naturalist 150: 406-419.

McCauley DE, et al. Population structure influences sex ratio evolution in a gynodioecious plant. American Naturalist 155: 814-819.

Mocarelli P, etal. Change in sex ratio with exposure to dioxin. Lancet 348: 409-410.

Olson MS, McCauley DE, and Taylor DR (2005) Genetics and adaptation instructured populations: Sex ratio evolution in Silene vulgaris. Genetica 123: 49-62.

Pannell JR and Ojeda F (2000) Patterns of flowering and sex-ratio variation in the Mediterranean shrub Phillyrea angustifolia (Oleaceae): Implications for the maintenance of males with hermaphrodites. Ecology Letters 3: 495-502.

Shaw RF and Mohler JD (1953) The selective significance of the sex ratio. American Naturalist 87: 337-342.

Teather K, Jardine C, and Gormley K (2005) Behavioral and sex ratio modification of Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes) in response to environmentally relevant mixtures of three pesticides. Environmental Toxicology 20: 110-117.

Trivers RL and Willard DE (1973) Natural selection of parental ability to vary sex ratio of offspring. Science 179: 90-92.

Voordouw MJ, Robinson HE, and Anholt BR (2005) Paternal inheritance of the primary sex ratio in acopepod. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 18(5): 1304-1314.

Werren JH (1980) Sex ratio adaptations to local mate competition in a parasitic wasp. Science 208: 1157-1159.

Wilson DS and Colwell RK (1981) Evolution of sex ratio in structured demes. Evolution 35: 882-897.

Wolfe LM and Shmida A (1997) The ecology of sex expression in a gynodioecious Israeli desert shrub (Ochradenus baccatus). Ecology 78(1): 101-110.

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