Further Reading

Carpenter SR and Cottingham KL (1997) Resilience and restoration of lakes. Conservation Ecology 1:2. http://www.consecol.org/vol1/ iss1/art2 (accessed December 2007).

Carpenter SR, Walker B, Anderies JM, and Abel N (2001) From metaphor to measurement: Resilience of what to what? Ecosystems 4: 765-781.

De Angelis DL (1980) Energy flow, nutrient cycling and ecosystem resilience. Ecology 61: 764-771.

Gunderson LH (2000) Ecological resilience in theory and application. Annual Review Ecology and Systematics 31: 425-439.

Holling CS (1973) Resilience and stability of ecological systems. Annual Review Ecology and Systematics 4: 1-23.

Luckinbill LS and Fenton M (1978) Regulation and environmental variability in experimental populations of protozoa. Ecology 59: 1271-1276.

Pimm SL (1984) The Balance of Nature. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Scheffer M, Carpenter SR, Foley J, et al. (2001) Catastrophic shifts in ecosystems. Nature 413: 591-696.

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