Further Reading

Boucher DH (1985) The Biology of Mutualism. New York: Oxford University Press.

Bronstein JL (1994) Our current understanding of mutualism. Quarterly Review of Biology 69: 31-51.

Bronstein JL (1994) Conditional outcomes in mutualistic interactions. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 9: 214-217.

Bronstein JL (2001) Mutualism. In: Fox CW, Roff DA, and Fairbairn DJ (eds.) Evolutionary Ecology: Concepts and Case Studies, pp. 315-330. New York: Oxford University Press.

Bronstein JL (2001) The exploitation of mutualisms. Ecology Letters 4: 277-287.

Connor RC (1995) The benefits of mutualism - A conceptual framework. Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society 70: 427-457.

Hoeksema JD and Bruna EM (2000) Pursuing the big questions about interspecific mutualism: A review of theoretical approaches. Oecologia 125: 321-330.

Holland JN, DeAngelis DL, and Bronstein JL (2002) Population dynamics and mutualism: Functional responses of benefits and costs. American Naturalist 159: 231-244.

Holland JN, DeAngelis DL, and Schultz ST (2004) Evolutionary stability of mutualism: Interspecific population regulation as an evolutionarily stable strategy. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 271: 1807-1814.

Holland JN, Ness JH, Boyle AL, and Bronstein JL (2005) Mutualisms as consumer-resource interactions. In: Barbosa P and Castellanos I (eds.) Ecology of Predator-Prey Interactions, pp. 17-33. New York: Oxford University Press.

Schwartz MW and Hoeksema JD (1998) Specialization and resource trade: Biological markets as a model of mutualisms. Ecology 79: 1029-1038.

Stanton ML (2003) Interacting guilds: Moving beyond the pairwise perspective on mutualisms. American Naturalist 162: S10-S23.

Vazquez DP, Morris WF, and Jordano P (2005) Interaction frequency as a surrogate for the total effect of animal mutualists on plants. Ecology Letters 8: 1088-1094.

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