Further Reading

Andrade MCB, Gu L, and Stoltz JA (2005) Novel male trait prolongs survival in suicidal mating. Biology Letters 1: 276-279.

Claessen D, de Roos AM, and Persson L (2004) Population dynamic theory of size-dependent cannibalism. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 271: 333-340.

DeWoody JA, Fletcher DE, Wilkins DS, et al. (2001) Genetic documentation of filial cannibalism in nature. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 98: 5090-5092.

Elgar MA and Crespi BJ (eds.) (1992) Cannibalism: Ecology and Evolution Among Diverse Taxa. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Elgar MA and Schneider JM (2004) Evolutionary significance of sexual cannibalism. Advances in the Study of Behavior 34: 135-163.

Gonzalez-Pastor JE, Hobbs EC, and Losick R (2003) Cannibalism by sporulating bacteria. Science 301: 510-513.

Mead S, Stumpf MPH, Whitfield J, et al. (2003) Balancing selection at the prion protein gene consistent with prehistoric kurulike epidemics. Science 300: 640-643.

Michimae H and Wakahara M (2002) A tadpole-induced polyphenism in the salamander Hynobius retardatus. Evolution 56: 2029-2038.

Moksnes P (2004) Self-regulating mechanisms in cannibalistic populations of juvenile shore crabs Carcinus maenas. Ecology 85:1343-1354.

Persson L, de Roos AM, Claessen D, et al. (2003) Gigantic cannibals driving a whole-lake trophic cascade. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America 100: 4035-4039.

Pfennig DW (1999) Cannibalistic tadpoles that pose the greatest threat to kin are most likely to discriminate kin. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 266: 57-61. Polis GA (1981) The evolution and dynamics of intraspecific predation.

Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 12: 225-251. Stoneking M (2003) Widespread prehistoric human cannibalism: Easier to swallow? Trends in Ecology and Evolution 18: 489-490. Storz BL (2004) Reassessment of the environmental mechanisms controlling developmental polyphenism in spadefoot toad tadpoles. Oecologia 141: 402-410.

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