Further Reading

Akcakaya HR and Atwood JL (1997) A habitat-based metapopulation model of the California gnatcatcher. Conservation Biology 11: 422-434.

Akcakaya HR, Burgman MA, and Ginzburg LR (1999) Applied Population Ecology, Principles and Computer Exercises using RAMAS Ecolab, 2nd edn. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates.

Bartell SM, Campbell KR, Lovelock CM, Nair SK, and Shaw JL (2000) Characterizing aquatic ecological risks from pesticides using adiquat dibromide case study. Part III: Ecological process models. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 19(5): 1441-1453.

Botkin DB (1993) Forest Dynamics: An Ecological Model. New York: Oxford University Press.

Bridges TS and Carroll S (2000) Application of Population Modeling to Evaluate Chronic Toxicity in the Estuarine Amphipod Leptocheirus plumulosus. Vicksburg, MS: US Army Engineer Research and Development Center (ERDC/TN EEDP-01-44).

DeAngelis DL, Gross LJ, Huston MA, et al. (1998) Landscape modeling for Everglades ecosystem restoration. Ecosystems 1: 64-75.

Ehman JL, Fan W, Randolph JC, Southworth J, and Welch NT (2002) An integrated GIS and modeling approach for assessing the transient response of forests of the southern Great Lakes region to a doubled CO2 climate. Forest Ecology and Management 155: 237-255.

Hakoyama H and Iwasa Y (1998) Ecological risk assessment: A new method of extinction risk assessment and its application to a freshwater fish (Carassius auratus subsp.). In: Nakanishi J (ed.) Proceedings of First International Workshop of Risk Evaluation and Management of Chemicals, pp. 93-110. Yokohama, Japan: Japan Science and Technology Corporation.

Jackson LJ, Trebitz AS, and Cottingham KL (2000) An introduction to the practice of ecological modeling. BioScience 50: 694-706.

Jorgensen SE (1994) Fundamentals of Ecological Modelling, 2nd edn. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Jorgensen SE, Halling-Sorensen B, and Nielsen SN (1996) Handbook of Environmental and Ecological Modeling. New York: Lewis Publishers.

Munns WR, Black DE, Gleason TR, et al. (1997) Evaluation of the effects of dioxin and PCBs on Fundulus heteroclitus populations using a modeling approach. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 16: 1074-1081.

Pastorok RA, Akcakaya HR, Regan HM, Ferson S, and Bartell SM (2003) Role of ecological modeling in risk assessment. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment 9(4): 939-972.

Pastorok RA, Bartell SM, Ferson S, and Ginzburg LR (eds.) (2002) Ecological Modeling in Risk Assessment: Chemical Effects on Populations, Ecosystems, and Landscapes. Boca Raton, FL: Lewis Publishers.

Spencer M and Ferson S (1997) RAMAS Ecotoxicology: Ecological Risk Assessment for Structured Populations. Setauket, NY: Applied Biomathematics.

Suter GW, II (ed.) (1993) Ecological Risk Assessment. Boca Raton, FL: Lewis Publishers.

US Environmental Protection Agency (2004) AQUATOX (Release 2). Modeling Environmental Fate and Ecological Effects in Aquatic Ecosystems, Vol. 1: User's Manual, EPA-823-R-04-001. Washington, DC: United States Environmental Protection Agency.

US Environmental Protection Agency (2004) AQUATOX (Release 2). Modeling Environmental Fate and Ecological Effects in Aquatic Ecosystems, Vol. 2: Technical Documentation, EPA-823-R-04-002. Washington, DC: United States Environmental Protection Agency. v2.1 available at http://www.epa.gov/waterscience/models/ aquatox/technical/release21 -addendum.pdf (accessed November 2007).

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