Further Reading

Bernhoft A, Skaare JU, Wiig O, Derocher AE, and Larsen HJS (2000) Possible immunotoxic effects of organochlorines in polar bears (Ursus maritimus) at Svalbard. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health - Part A 59: 561-574. Brunstrom B and Halldin K (2000) Ecotoxicological risk assessment of environmental pollutants in the Arctic. Toxicology Letters 112-113: 111-118. Derocher AE, Wolkers H, Colborn T, et al. (2003) Contaminants in Svalbard polar bear samples archived since 1967 and possible population level effects. Science of the Total Environment 301: 163-174.

Fischer LJ, Seegal RF, Ganey PE, Pessah IN, and Kodavanti PRS (1998) Symposium overview: Toxicity of non-coplanar PCBs. Toxicological Sciences 41: 49-61. Jepson PD, Bennett PM, Deaville R, etal. (2005) Relationships between polychlorinated biphenyls and health status in harbor porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) stranded in the United Kingdom. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 24: 238-248. Safe S (1993) Toxicology, structure-function relationship, and human and environmental-health impacts of polychlorinated-biphenyls -progress and problems. Environmental Health Perspectives 100: 259-268.

Skaare JU, Bernhoft A, Derocher A, et al. (2000) Organochlorines in top predators at Svalbard - occurrence, levels and effects. Toxicology Letters 112: 103-109. Thomas GO, Sweetman AJ, and Jones KC (1999) Metabolism and body-burden of PCBs in lactating dairy cows. Chemosphere 39: 1533-44.

van den Berg M, Birnbaum L, Bosveld ATC, et al. (1998) Toxic equivalency factors (TEFs) for PCBs, PCDDs, PCDFs for humans and wildlife. Environmental Health Perspectives 106: 775-792.

van den Berg M, Birnbaum LS, Denison M, etal. (2006) The 2005 World Health Organization re-evaluation of human and mammalian toxic equivalency factors for dioxins and dioxin-like compounds. Toxicological Sciences 93: 223-241.

World Health Organization (1993) Environmental Health Criteria 140-Polychlorinated Biphenyls and Terphenyls, 2nd edn. Geneva: WHO.

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