Further Reading

Elsasser WM (1975) The Chief Abstraction of Biology. Amsterdam: North-Holland.

Fath B, Jorgensen SE, Patten BC, and Strakraba M (2004) Ecosystem, growth and development. BioSystems 77: 213-228. Fath BD, Patten BC, and Choi JS (2001) Complementarity of ecological goal functions. Journal of Theoretical Biology 208(4): 493-506. Ho MW and Ulanowicz R (2005) Sustainable systems as organisms?

BioSystems 82: 39-51. Jorgensen SE (1990) Ecosystem theory, ecological buffer capacity, uncertainty and complexity. Ecological Modelling 52: 125-133. Jorgensen SE (1995) The growth rate of zooplankton at the edge of chaos: Ecological models. Journal of Theoretical Biology 175: 13-21.

Jorgensen SE (2002) Integration of Ecosystem Theories: A Pattern, 3rd edn. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishing Company (1st edn. 1992, 2nd edn. 1997). J0rgensen SE and Fath B (2004) Application of thermodynamic principles in ecology. Ecological Complexity 1: 267-280. J0rgensen SE, Fath BD, Bastianoni S, et al. (2007) Systems Ecology:

A new perspective, 275pp. Amsterdam: Elsevier. J0rgensen SE, Patten BC, and Strakraba M (2000) Ecosystems emerging: 4. growth. Ecological Modelling 126: 249-284. J0rgensen SE and Svirezhev YM (2004) Towards a Thermodynamic

Theory for Ecological Systems, 366pp. Oxford: Elsevier. Margalef RA (1968) Perspectives in Ecological Theory. Chicago, IL:

Chicago University Press. Margalef RA (1995) Information theory and complex ecology.

In: Patten BC and J0rgensen SE (eds.) Complex Ecology, pp. 40-50. Princeton, NJ: Prentice-Hall. Margalef RA (1997) Our Biosphere,178pp. Nordbunte, Oldendorf,

Germany: Ecology Institute. Margalef RA (2001) Exosomatic structures and captive energies relevant in succession and evolution. In: J0rgensen SE (ed.) Thermodynamics and Ecological Modelling, pp. 117-132. Boco Raton, FL: CRC Press.

Morowitz HJ (1968) Energy Flow in Biology. Biological Organisation as a Problem in Thermal Physics, 179pp. New York: Academic Press (see also the review by H.T. Odum, Science 164: 683-684). Odum EP (1959) Fundamentals of Ecology, 2nd edn. Philadelphia, PA: W.B. Saunders.

Odum HT (1983) System Ecology, 510pp. New York: Wiley-Interscience. Odum HT (1996) Environmental Accounting - Emergy and Decision

Making, 370pp. New York: Wiley. Odum HT (1998) Self-organization, transformity, and information.

Science 242: 1132-1139. Patten BC (1991) Network ecology: Indirect determination of the life environment relationship in ecosystems. In: Higashi M and Burns TP (eds.) Theoretical Studies of Ecosystems: The Network Perspective, pp. 288-351. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Schr0dinger E (1994) What is Life? Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Svirezhev YM (2001) Thermodynamics and theory of stability.

In: J0rgensen SE (ed.) Thermodynamics and Ecological Modelling, pp. 117-132. Boco Raton, FL: CRC Press. Ulanowicz RE (1986) Growth and Development. Ecosystems

Phenomenology, 204pp. New York: Springer. Ulanowicz RE (1997) Ecology, The Ascendent Perspective. New York: Columbia University Press.

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