Allee WC (1938) The Social Life of Animals. Boston, MA: Beacon Press.
Amarasekare P (1998) Interactions between local dynamics and dispersal: Insights from single species models. Theoretical Population Biology 53: 44-59.
Courchamp F, Clutton-BrockT, and Grenfell B (1999) Inverse density dependence and the Allee effect. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 14: 405-410.
Dennis B (1989) Allee effects: Population growth, critical density, and the chance of extinction. Natural Resource Modeling 3: 481-538.
Greene CM (2003) Habitat selection reduces extinction of populations subject to Allee effects. Theoretical Population Biology 64: 1-10.
Greene Cm and Stamps JA (2001) Habitat selection at low population densities. Ecology 82: 2091-2100.
Groom M (1998) Allee effects limit population viability of an annual plant. American Naturalist 151: 487-496.
Hutchings JA (1996) Spatial and temporal variation in the density of northern cod and a review of hypotheses for the stock's collapse. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 53: 943-962.
Liermann M and Hilborn R (2001) Depensation: Evidence, models, and implications. Fish and Fisheries 2: 33-58.
May R (1974) Biological populations with nonoverlapping generations: Stable points, stable cycles, and chaos. Science 186: 645-647.
Myers RA, Barrowman NJ, Hutchings JA, and Rosenberg AA (1995) Population dynamics of exploited fish stocks at low population levels. Science 269: 1106-1108.
Stamps JA (1988) Conspecific attraction and aggregation in territorial species. American Naturalist 131: 329-347.
Stephens PA and Sutherland WJ (1999) Consequences of the Allee effect for behaviour, ecology and conservation. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 14: 401-405.
Stephens PA, Sutherland WJ, and Freckleton RP (1999) What is the Allee effect? Oikos 87: 185-189.
Veit RR and Lewis MA (1996) Dispersal, population growth, and the Allee effect: Dynamics of the house finch invasion of Eastern North America. American Naturalist 148: 255-274.
Was this article helpful?
Learning About 10 Ways Fight Off Cancer Can Have Amazing Benefits For Your Life The Best Tips On How To Keep This Killer At Bay Discovering that you or a loved one has cancer can be utterly terrifying. All the same, once you comprehend the causes of cancer and learn how to reverse those causes, you or your loved one may have more than a fighting chance of beating out cancer.