Further Reading

Allee WC (1938) The Social Life of Animals. Boston, MA: Beacon Press.

Amarasekare P (1998) Interactions between local dynamics and dispersal: Insights from single species models. Theoretical Population Biology 53: 44-59.

Courchamp F, Clutton-BrockT, and Grenfell B (1999) Inverse density dependence and the Allee effect. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 14: 405-410.

Dennis B (1989) Allee effects: Population growth, critical density, and the chance of extinction. Natural Resource Modeling 3: 481-538.

Greene CM (2003) Habitat selection reduces extinction of populations subject to Allee effects. Theoretical Population Biology 64: 1-10.

Greene Cm and Stamps JA (2001) Habitat selection at low population densities. Ecology 82: 2091-2100.

Groom M (1998) Allee effects limit population viability of an annual plant. American Naturalist 151: 487-496.

Hutchings JA (1996) Spatial and temporal variation in the density of northern cod and a review of hypotheses for the stock's collapse. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 53: 943-962.

Liermann M and Hilborn R (2001) Depensation: Evidence, models, and implications. Fish and Fisheries 2: 33-58.

May R (1974) Biological populations with nonoverlapping generations: Stable points, stable cycles, and chaos. Science 186: 645-647.

Myers RA, Barrowman NJ, Hutchings JA, and Rosenberg AA (1995) Population dynamics of exploited fish stocks at low population levels. Science 269: 1106-1108.

Stamps JA (1988) Conspecific attraction and aggregation in territorial species. American Naturalist 131: 329-347.

Stephens PA and Sutherland WJ (1999) Consequences of the Allee effect for behaviour, ecology and conservation. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 14: 401-405.

Stephens PA, Sutherland WJ, and Freckleton RP (1999) What is the Allee effect? Oikos 87: 185-189.

Veit RR and Lewis MA (1996) Dispersal, population growth, and the Allee effect: Dynamics of the house finch invasion of Eastern North America. American Naturalist 148: 255-274.

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