Further Reading

Ankley GT, Jensen KM, Makynen EA, et al. (2003) Effects of the androgenic growth promoter 17-beta-trenbolone on fecundity and reproductive endocrinology of the fathead minnow. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 22: 1350-1360.

Anway MD, Cupp AS, Uzumcu M, and Skinner MK (2005) Epigenetic transgenerational actions of endocrine disruptors and male fertility. Science 308: 1466-1469.

Gray LE, Jr., Wilson VS, Stoker T, et al. (2006) Adverse effects of environmental antiandrogens and androgens on reproductive development in mammals. International Journal of Andrology 29: 96-104.

Guillette LJ, Jr., Crain DA, Gunderson M, et al. (2000) Alligators and endocrine disrupting contaminants: A current perspective. American Zoologist 40: 438-452.

Guillette LJ, Jr., and Gunderson MP (2001) Alterations in the development of the reproductive and endocrine systems of wildlife exposed to endocrine disrupting contaminants. Reproduction 122: 857-864.

Hayes TB, Collins A, Lee M, etal. (2002) Hormaphroditic, demasculinized frogs after exposure to the herbicide atrazine at low ecologically relevant doses. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 99: 5476-5480.

Ho S-M, Tang W-Y, Belmonte de Frausto J, and Prins GS (2006) Developmental exposure to estradiol and bisphenol A increases susceptibility to prostate carcinogenesis and epigenetically regulates phosphodiesterase type 4 variant 4. Cancer Research 66: 1-9.

Lilienthal H, Hack A, Roth-Harer A, Grande SW, and Talsness CE (2006) Effects of developmental exposure to 2,2,4,4,5-pentabromodiphenyl ether (PBDE-99) on sex steroids, sexual development, and sexually dimorphic behavior in rats. Environmental Health Perspectives 114:194-201.

Oehlmann J, Schulte-Oehlmann U, Bachmann J, et al. (2006) Bisphenol A induces superfeminization in the ramshorn snail Marisa cornuarietis(Gastropoda: Prosobranchia) at environmentally relevant concentrations. Environmental Health Perspectives 114(supplement 1): 127-133.

Orlando EF, Davis WP, and Guillette LJ, Jr. (2002) Aromatase activity in the ovary and brain of the eastern mosquitofish (Gambusia holbrooki) exposed to paper mill effluent. Environmental Health Perspectives 110(supplement 3): 429-433.

Orlando EF, Kolok AS, Binzcik GA, et al. (2004) Endocrine-disrupting effects of cattle feedlot effluent on an aquatic sentinel species, the fathead minnow. Environmental Health Perspectives 112: 353-358.

Thompson RC, Olsen Y, Mitchell RP, et al. (2004) Lost at sea: Where is all the plastic? Science 304: 838.

Timms BG, Howdeshell KL, Barton L, etal. (2005) Estrogenic chemicals in plastic and oral contraceptives disrupt development of the mouse prostate and urethra. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102: 7014-7019.

vom Saal FS and Welshons WV (2006) Large effects from small exposures. II. The importance of positive controls in low-dose research on bisphenol A. Environmental Research 100: 50-76.

Vreugdenhil HJ, Slijper FM, Mulder PG, and Weisglas-Kuperus N (2002) Effects of perinatal exposure to PCBs and dioxins on play behavior in Dutch children at school age. Environmental Health Perspectives 110: A593-A538.

Welshons WV, Nagel SC, and vom Saal FS (2006) Large effects from small exposures. III. Endocrine mechanisms mediating effects of bisphenol A at levels of human exposure. Endocrinology 147: S56-S69.

Weltje L, vom Saal FS, and Oehlmann J (2005) Reproductive stimulation by low doses of xenoestrogens contrasts with the view of hormesis as an adaptive response. Human and Experimental Toxicology 24: 431-437.

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