Further Reading

Ashby WR (1962) Principles of the self-organizing system. In: von Foerster H and Zopf GW (eds.) Principles of Self-Organization, pp. 255-278. New York: Pergamon.

Bossel H (1977) Orientors of nonroutine behavior. In: Bossel H (ed.) Concepts and Tools of Computer-Assisted Policy Analysis, pp. 227-265. Basel: Birkhauser.

Bossel H (1999) Indicators for Sustainable Development: Theory, Method, Applications. Winnipeg: IISD International Institute for Sustainable Development.

Bossel H (2001) Exergy and the emergence of multidimensional system orientation. In: Jorgensen SE (ed.) Thermodynamics and Ecological Modelling, pp. 193-209. Boca Raton, FL: Lewis.

Fath BD, Patten BC, and Choi JS (2001) Complementarity of ecological goal functions. Journal of Theoretical Biology 208(4): 493-506.

Holland JH (1992) Adaptation in Natural and Artificial Systems. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Jantsch E (1980) Self-Organizing Universe: Scientific and Human Implications of the Emerging Paradigm of Evolution. New York: Pergamon.

Jorgensen SE (2001) A tentative fourth law of thermodynamics. In: Jorgensen SE (ed.) Thermodynamics and Ecological Modelling, pp. 305-347. Boca Raton, FL: Lewis.

Krebs F and Bossel H (1997) Emergent value orientation in self-organization of an animat. Ecological Modelling 96: 143-164.

Mayr E (1974) Teleological and teleonomic: A new analysis. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 14: 91-117.

Mayr E (2001) What Evolution Is. New York: Basic Books.

Miller JG (1978) Living Systems. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Odum EP (1969) The strategy of ecosystem development. Science 164: 262-270.

Müller F and Leupelt M (eds.) (1998) Eco Targets, Goal Functions, and Orientors. Berlin/Heidelberg/New York: Springer.

Wilson SW (1985) Knowledge growth in an artificial animal. In: Grefenstette JJ (ed.) Proceedings of the First International Conference on Genetic Algorithms and Their Applications, pp. 16-23. Pittsburgh PA and San Mateo: Lawrence Earlbaum and: Morgan Kaufmann.

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