Future Directions

While life histories arise at the intersection of evolutionary and ecological dynamics, most of current life-history theory does not include ecological interactions (such as predator-prey or host-disease dynamics) and little empirical evidence exists examining the effect of life-history evolution on ecological interactions. Life-history theory must move from a dichotomous tradeoff approach to a more integrative concept of individual fitness in an ecological context. An understanding of how life-history patterns respond or do not respond to environmental change will be essential to species management and conservation in the future as will an understanding of how those life-history responses affect ecological- and ecosystem-level dynamics.

See also: Adaptation; Evolutionary Ecology: Overview; Optimal Reproductive Tactics; Phenotypic Plasticity; Sex Ratio; r-Strategist/K-Strategists.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Worm Farming

Worm Farming

Do You Want To Learn More About Green Living That Can Save You Money? Discover How To Create A Worm Farm From Scratch! Recycling has caught on with a more people as the years go by. Well, now theres another way to recycle that may seem unconventional at first, but it can save you money down the road.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment