Glossary

augmentative biological control - Programs based on the release of commercially reared parasitoids or predators for pest control in crops. classical biological control - Programs of importation of natural enemies from an invasive pest's homeland for the permanent, area-wide suppression of the pest; may be directed against either economic pests of crops or ecological pests of natural areas; may target pest insects, mites, or weeds.

hyperparasitoid - A parasitoid that attacks another species that is itself a parasitoid; these species may be detrimental to insect biological control programs. inoculative biological control - A form of augmentative biological control in which the goal is to establish reproducing populations of natural enemies at the start of the crop.

inundative biological control - A form of augmentative biological control in which natural enemies are released in large numbers throughout the cropping period, with no expectation that the released biological control agents will establish; pest control is expected from the individuals actually released, not their progeny.

Insectaries - Rearing facilities in which parasitoids and predators are mass produced, usually for sale as agents for augmentative biological control programs. natural control - The level of control produced by natural enemies that occur naturally in the crop without any active management by people. nontarget impact - Mortality or population or range decreases that may occur to beneficial or native species as a consequence of the use of natural enemies in biological control programs. parasitoids - Insects that develop in or on a host, consuming and killing it; parasitoid larvae require one host to complete development; adult females can also kill hosts through host feeding. predators - Organisms that attack and eat other organisms. Predators typically kill and consume many prey during their development as larvae and as adults.

quarantine - A secure importation facility designed to prevent the unintentional release of natural enemy species into new geographic regions after their discovery during foreign exploration.

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