Introduction

Plants face challenges from other plants for resources (space, light, minerals, and water) and are attacked by a variety of organisms ranging from microbes to large mammalian herbivores. In turn, plants have evolved mechanical and chemical defenses and sometimes partnerships with defensive ants. Accordingly, the challengers and consumers evolved countermeasures, which serve as selective pressure on plants for further defense. Along with defenses, a plant may have other traits that alleviate these problems, such as fast growth rate (thus outcompet-ing other plants for resources), adept at colonization of open space (thus avoiding competitors and herbivores), and tolerance of herbivory (via quick regrowth). This article focuses on plant defense per se.

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10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

Learning About 10 Ways Fight Off Cancer Can Have Amazing Benefits For Your Life The Best Tips On How To Keep This Killer At Bay Discovering that you or a loved one has cancer can be utterly terrifying. All the same, once you comprehend the causes of cancer and learn how to reverse those causes, you or your loved one may have more than a fighting chance of beating out cancer.

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