Parasites can interact with each other. Some parasites have parasites (i.e., hyperparasites), while other parasites compete with each other for host resources. For larval trematodes, competition for resources within the snail is intense and trematodes have special morphological and behavioral adaptations for interspecific interactions. For example, adding dominant trematode species to ponds can exclude subordinate trematode species. Parasites can interact with the host, often via the immune system, to displace other parasites or alter their pathogenic effects on the host. Despite all the potential for parasite-parasite interactions, few studies have considered what this means at the community level.

10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

Learning About 10 Ways Fight Off Cancer Can Have Amazing Benefits For Your Life The Best Tips On How To Keep This Killer At Bay Discovering that you or a loved one has cancer can be utterly terrifying. All the same, once you comprehend the causes of cancer and learn how to reverse those causes, you or your loved one may have more than a fighting chance of beating out cancer.

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