Parasitism

Parasites can interact with each other. Some parasites have parasites (i.e., hyperparasites), while other parasites compete with each other for host resources. For larval trematodes, competition for resources within the snail is intense and trematodes have special morphological and behavioral adaptations for interspecific interactions. For example, adding dominant trematode species to ponds can exclude subordinate trematode species. Parasites can interact with the host, often via the immune system, to displace other parasites or alter their pathogenic effects on the host. Despite all the potential for parasite-parasite interactions, few studies have considered what this means at the community level.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
How To Bolster Your Immune System

How To Bolster Your Immune System

All Natural Immune Boosters Proven To Fight Infection, Disease And More. Discover A Natural, Safe Effective Way To Boost Your Immune System Using Ingredients From Your Kitchen Cupboard. The only common sense, no holds barred guide to hit the market today no gimmicks, no pills, just old fashioned common sense remedies to cure colds, influenza, viral infections and more.

Get My Free Audio Book


Post a comment