Patterns of Human Land

Human land-use patterns are the result of a set of complex individual decisions within a system of finite resources. Settlement patterns are influenced by the price of land, available transportation infrastructure, public policy initiatives, and social and ecological processes that are not necessarily quantifiable. Land-use planning originated as a means to protect human health and welfare from the chaotic mix of development types that characterized urban areas. Local land-use regulations typically mandate the separation of land uses by type (e.g., industrial, residential, commercial). While many positives have resulted from land-use planning, some of the policy constructs (e.g., large minimum lot sizes) have unintended outcomes (e.g., sprawling suburban development patterns) with long-term ecological consequences. Since the late 1940s, the United States has experienced a shift in residential location from urban centers to the suburban and exurban fringe. In the process, large areas of previously undeveloped lands are being converted to urban uses with consequences that are not yet fully understood.

The decentralization of urban land use is driven both by individual desire to escape the disamenities of urban life (e.g., pollution, crime, congestion) and by a tendency to want to consume more land and housing as incomes rise. This pattern of development is reinforced by decreasing commuting costs which result from technological innovation and through subsidized transportation infrastructure (e.g., automobiles and highways, respectively). Additionally, the fragmentation of metropolitan areas into a large number of small jurisdictions tends to result in disparities in service provision and amenities (e.g., school quality), which further affects settlement patterns.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Trash To Cash

Trash To Cash

This book will surely change your life due to the fact that after reading this book and following through with the steps that are laid out for you in a clear and concise form you will be earning as much as several thousand extra dollars a month,  as you can see by the cover of the book we will be discussing how you can make cash for what is considered trash by many people, these are items that have value to many people that can be sold and help people who need these items most.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment