Ecology, as well as the whole of biology or the study of living systems, can be approached both on the basis of natural scientific methodology (or strictly speaking -physically), and on the basis of the methodology of history and linguistics that has been developed mainly in humanities (or strictly speaking - semiotically).
A brief comparison between the (bio)physical and (bio)semiotic approaches is described in Table 1.
A distinctive feature of semiotic systems is that they are code based, thus local, context-dependent, individual.
Accordingly, a characteristic feature of semiotic approach is the unavoidability (necessity) of complementary descriptions. This is due to the very nature of semiotic phenomena themselves that appear (take their origin) as a result of qualitative differences, of nonconvertibility.
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