Physical versus Semiotic Approach

Ecology, as well as the whole of biology or the study of living systems, can be approached both on the basis of natural scientific methodology (or strictly speaking -physically), and on the basis of the methodology of history and linguistics that has been developed mainly in humanities (or strictly speaking - semiotically).

A brief comparison between the (bio)physical and (bio)semiotic approaches is described in Table 1.

A distinctive feature of semiotic systems is that they are code based, thus local, context-dependent, individual.

Accordingly, a characteristic feature of semiotic approach is the unavoidability (necessity) of complementary descriptions. This is due to the very nature of semiotic phenomena themselves that appear (take their origin) as a result of qualitative differences, of nonconvertibility.

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