The examples introduced in this section aim to show a variety of approaches to the retrospective assessment of some systems' properties in different SESs. The first example presents how system's properties, like fragility or cross-scale interactions, can be assessed from the regional to the global scale by exploiting the information of time series of remote-sensed images. The second example is a case study of how to link retrospective fragility estimates of some grassland habitat types to established landscape ecology analysis approaches and remote sensing. The third and final examples described retrospective resilience analysis in the context of the Western Australia agricultural region SES, underlining the role of lagged effects and of the social component.
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