This process is an increase in the concentration of salts (all ions, not just sodium and chloride) in lake water, caused by such factors as (1) decreased in-lake water levels; (2) overuse of water in the drainage basin (e.g., cooling water, irrigation); and (3) global climate change. The effects of water saliniza-tion include (1) dramatic changes in lake biological structure; (2) lower fish production; and (3) reduced biodiversity. Human utilization of lake water with a high salt concentration also can become very problematic. This problem, however, can at least be partly addressed with the implementation of appropriate environmental management and agricultural practices in a lake's drainage basin.

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