Ecotoxicological subject matter spans a wide range of biological levels (Figure 1). Levels drawing heavily on classic toxicology extend from the biomolecular to the individual. Some population issues addressed by ecotox-icologists also benefit from the work of human epidemiologists. Associated themes and information at these levels of organization could be described as auteco-toxicology, just as similar subjects in ecology are classified as autecology. Issues associated with higher levels would then be issues of synecotoxicology: considerable biogeo-chemical and ecological knowledge are applied in synecotoxicological studies. A brief sampling of major autecotoxicological and synecotoxicological research themes is provided below.
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