In this article, we will review some of the major characteristics of individuals that may offer them resistance to environmental change. These characters, when summed at a population level, will enhance its buffering capacity to change, and thus its persistence. The review will not be extensive, but will highlight how plants and animals may cope with their terrestrial, aerial, freshwater, and marine environments. Next, we will describe the characteristics and responses of populations (some of which will be facilitated by the previously mentioned individual characters) that affect their environmental buffering capacity. Finally, we comment on the implications for resistance and buffering capacity of natural populations in the face of human-caused changes to their environment.
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